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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Changes in hippocampal volume are correlated with cell loss but not with seizure frequency in two chronic models of temporal lobe epilepsy

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Autor(es):
Polli, Roberson S. [1, 2] ; Malheiros, Jackeline M. [1, 2] ; dos Santos, Renan [3] ; Hamani, Clement [1, 4] ; Longo, Beatriz M. [1] ; Tannus, Alberto [2] ; Mello, Luize E. [1] ; Covolan, Luciene [1]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo UNIFESP, Dept Fisiol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, IFSC, Ctr Imagens & Espect Vivo Ressonancia Magnet CIER, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Sao Paulo UNIFESP, Dept Farmacol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Toronto, Toronto Western Hosp, Div Neurosurg, Toronto, ON M5T 2S8 - Canada
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FRONTIERS IN NEUROLOGY; v. 5, 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 22
Resumo

Kainic acid (KA) or pilocarpine (PILO) have been used in rats to model human temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) but the distribution and severity of structural lesions between these two models may differ. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies have used quantitative measurements of hippocampal T-2 (T2HP) relaxation time and volume, but simultaneous comparative results have not been reported yet. The aim of this study was to compare the MRI T2HP and volume with histological data and frequency of seizures in both models. KA- and PILO-treated rats were imaged with a 2T MRI scanner. T2HP and volume values were correlated with the number of cells, mossy fiber sprouting, and spontaneous recurrent seizures (SRS) frequency over the 9 months following status epilepticus (SE). Compared to controls, KA-treated rats had unaltered T2HP pronounced reduction in hippocampal volume and concomitant cell reduction in granule cell layer, CA1 and CA3 at 3 months post SE. In contrast, hippocampal volume was unchanged in PILO-treated animals despite detectable increased T2HP and cell loss in granule cell layer, CA1 and CA3. In the following 6 months, MRI hippocampal volume remained stable with increase of T2HP signal in the KA-treated group. The number of CA1 and CA3 cells was smaller than age-matched CTL group. In contrast, PILO group had MRI volumetric reduction accompanied by reduction in the number of CA1 and CA3 cells. In this group, T2HP signal was unaltered at 6 or 9 months after status. Reductions in the number of cells were not progressive in both models. Notably, the SRS frequency was higher in PILO than in the KA model. The volumetry data correlated well with tissue damage in the epileptic brain, suggesting that MRI may be useful for tracking longitudinal hippocampal changes, allowing the assessment of individual variability and disease progression. Our results indicate that the temporal changes in hippocampal morphology are distinct for both models of TLE and that these are not significantly correlated to the frequency of SRS. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/51763-6 - Imagens de ressonancia magnetica no estudo de epilepsia induzida por pilocarpina e acido cainico: relaxometria e volumetria.
Beneficiário:Roberson Saraiva Polli
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 05/56663-1 - Centro de imagens e espectroscopia in vivo por ressonância magnética para estudo de modelos animais
Beneficiário:Alberto Tannús
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa CINAPCE - Temático