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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Antinociceptive effects of methadone combined with detomidine or acepromazine in horses

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Autor(es):
Lopes, C. ; Luna, S. P. L. ; Rosa, A. C. ; Quarterone, C. ; Crosignani, N. ; Taylor, P. M. ; Pantoja, J. C. ; Puoli, J. N. P.
Número total de Autores: 8
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: EQUINE VETERINARY JOURNAL; v. 48, n. 5, p. 613-618, SEP 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 5
Resumo

Reasons for performing studyTo investigate two protocols to provide antinociception in horses. ObjectivesTo evaluate the antinociceptive effects of intravenous methadone combined with detomidine or acepromazine in adult horses. Study designRandomised, blinded, crossover study. MethodsMechanical, thermal and electrical stimuli were applied to the dorsal left and right metacarpus and coronary band of the left thoracic limb, respectively. A thermal stimulus was applied caudal to the withers. The horses were treated with saline (C), a combination of methadone (0.2mg/kg bwt) and detomidine (10g/kg bwt) (MD) or methadone (0.2mg/kg bwt) and acepromazine (0.05mg/kg bwt) (MA) at 1week intervals. Nociceptive thresholds were measured before and at 15min intervals until 150min after treatment. Wilcoxon rank-sum and Wilcoxon signed rank tests were used to compare data between groups at each time point and over time within each group, followed by the Bonferroni method to adjust the P value. ResultsThe mechanical stimulus was the most sensitive test to differentiate the antinociceptive effects of the treatments. Mechanical thresholds were greater after MD than MA between 15 and 30min and with both MD and MA these thresholds were greater than C from 15 to 60min. Electrical and thermal limb thresholds were greater after MD than C at 15 and 45min and at 15, 30, 45, 75 and 105min, respectively. Thermal limb thresholds were greater with MA than C at 30min. Thoracic thermal threshold in MD and MA were higher than C at 45, 75, 90 and 120min and from 30 to 75min, respectively. ConclusionsMethadone and acepromazine produced less pronounced mechanical antinociception than MD. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/21927-0 - Validação de métodos nociceptivos elétrico, mecânico e térmico para avaliação de dor de equinos tratados com metadona associada à detomidina ou acepromazina
Beneficiário:Carlize Lopes
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 10/08967-0 - Avaliação da dor clínica e experimental em animais
Beneficiário:Stelio Pacca Loureiro Luna
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático