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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Antinociceptive effects of methadone combined with detomidine or acepromazine in horses

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Author(s):
Lopes, C. ; Luna, S. P. L. ; Rosa, A. C. ; Quarterone, C. ; Crosignani, N. ; Taylor, P. M. ; Pantoja, J. C. ; Puoli, J. N. P.
Total Authors: 8
Document type: Journal article
Source: EQUINE VETERINARY JOURNAL; v. 48, n. 5, p. 613-618, SEP 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 5
Abstract

Reasons for performing studyTo investigate two protocols to provide antinociception in horses. ObjectivesTo evaluate the antinociceptive effects of intravenous methadone combined with detomidine or acepromazine in adult horses. Study designRandomised, blinded, crossover study. MethodsMechanical, thermal and electrical stimuli were applied to the dorsal left and right metacarpus and coronary band of the left thoracic limb, respectively. A thermal stimulus was applied caudal to the withers. The horses were treated with saline (C), a combination of methadone (0.2mg/kg bwt) and detomidine (10g/kg bwt) (MD) or methadone (0.2mg/kg bwt) and acepromazine (0.05mg/kg bwt) (MA) at 1week intervals. Nociceptive thresholds were measured before and at 15min intervals until 150min after treatment. Wilcoxon rank-sum and Wilcoxon signed rank tests were used to compare data between groups at each time point and over time within each group, followed by the Bonferroni method to adjust the P value. ResultsThe mechanical stimulus was the most sensitive test to differentiate the antinociceptive effects of the treatments. Mechanical thresholds were greater after MD than MA between 15 and 30min and with both MD and MA these thresholds were greater than C from 15 to 60min. Electrical and thermal limb thresholds were greater after MD than C at 15 and 45min and at 15, 30, 45, 75 and 105min, respectively. Thermal limb thresholds were greater with MA than C at 30min. Thoracic thermal threshold in MD and MA were higher than C at 45, 75, 90 and 120min and from 30 to 75min, respectively. ConclusionsMethadone and acepromazine produced less pronounced mechanical antinociception than MD. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/21927-0 - Validation of electrical, mechanical and thermal nociceptive methods for pain assessment in horses treated with methadone associated with detomidine or acepromazine
Grantee:Carlize Lopes
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 10/08967-0 - Evaluation of clinical and experimental pain in animals
Grantee:Stelio Pacca Loureiro Luna
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants