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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Miltefosine-loaded lipid nanoparticles: Improving miltefosine stability and reducing its hemolytic potential toward erythtocytes and its cytotoxic effect on macrophages

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Autor(es):
da Gama Bitencourt, Jose Jardes ; Pazin, Wallance Moreira ; Ito, Amando Siuiti ; Barioni, Marina Berardi ; Pinto, Carolline de Paula ; dos Santos, Maria Aparecida ; Santos Guimaraes, Thales Henrique ; Machado dos Santos, Marcia Regina ; Valduga, Claudete Justina
Número total de Autores: 9
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Biophysical Chemistry; v. 217, p. 20-31, OCT 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 10
Resumo

The toxic effects of miltefosine on the epithelial cells of the gastrointestinal tract and its hemolytic action on erythrocytes have limited its use as an antileishmanial agent. As part of our search for new strategies to overcome the side effects of miltefosine during the treatment of leishmaniasis, we have developed stable miltefosine-loaded lipid nanoparticles in an attempt to reduce the toxic effects of the drug. We have evaluated lipid nanoparticles containing varying amounts of miltefosine and cholesterol, prepared by sonication, in terms of their physicochemical properties, preliminary stability, hemolytic potential toward erythrocytes:and cytotoxicity to macrophages and to promastigote and amastigote forms of Leishmania (L.) chagasi. Miltefosine loading into lipid nanoparticles was 100% for low drug concentrations (7.0 to 20.0 mg/mL). Particle size decreased from 143 nm (control) to between 43 and 69 nm. From fluorescence studies, it was observed that the presence of miltefosine and cholesterol (below 103 mu M) promoted ordering effects in the phospholipid region of the nanoparticles. The formulation containing 15 mg/mL miltefosine was stable for at least six months at 4 degrees C and in simulated gastrointestinal fluids, and did not promote epithelial gastrointestinal irritability in Balb/C mice. When loaded into lipid nanoparticles, the hemolytic potential of miltefosine and its cytotoxicity to macrophages diminished, while its antiparasitic activity remained unaltered. The results lipid nanoparticles may be promising for the treatment of leishmaniasis and enteral use. suggested that miltefosine-loaded might be suitable for oral and parenteral use. (C) 2016 Published by Elsevier B.V. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 09/17077-0 - Desenvolvimento de formulação baseada em emulsão para a 1,5-diarilpenta-1,4-dien-3-ona, princípio ativo com atividade antitumoral
Beneficiário:Maria Aparecida dos Santos
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica
Processo FAPESP: 14/26895-7 - Heterogeneidades em arranjos lipídicos e protéicos: estudos por técnicas avançadas de fluorescência
Beneficiário:Amando Siuiti Ito
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular