Rodriguez, Carolina S.
Marques, Antonio C.
Mianzan, Hermes W.
Tronolone, Valquiria B.
Migotto, Alvaro E.
Genzano, Gabriel N.
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
 Univ Nacl Mar Del Plata, Dept Ciencias Marinas, Funes 3350, RA-7600 Mar Del Plata, Buenos Aires - Argentina
 Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Biol Marinha, Sao Sebastiao - Brazil
 Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Zool, Sao Paulo - Brazil
 INIDEP, Mar Del Plata, Buenos Aires - Argentina
 Consejo Nacl Invest Cient & Tecn, UNMdP, Inst Invest Marinas & Costeras IIMyC, Mar Del Plata, Buenos Aires - Argentina
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento:
MARINE BIOLOGY RESEARCH;
Citações Web of Science:
We analysed hydromedusa assemblages of South America (from 22 degrees S to 56 degrees S and from 040 degrees W to 080 degrees W), their association with water masses and the influence of the life cycle on medusa distributions. The geographic distribution of 130 species of hydromedusae was compiled from literature reports (62 publications between 1913 and 2012). Seven areas were defined: Atlantic Magellanic, Argentinean, Pacific intermediate zone, Pacific Magellanic, Peruvian-Chilean, South Brazilian and Oceanic. The variance of the species-environment relationship was explained by depth and temperature. Distribution patterns of Atlantic hydromedusae are associated with neritic water masses, supporting previously proposed biogeographical provinces. Assemblages on the Pacific side of South America are under the influence of the Humboldt Current system, with a break in species distribution around Chiloe Island. Only the oceanic assemblage contained the same species in both the Pacific and Atlantic zones. We found that meroplanktonic medusae contributed more to define the neritic assemblages, while the oceanic assemblage was better defined by holoplanktonic medusae. Therefore, our data suggest that meroplanktonic hydromedusae appeared to be more restricted in distribution than holoplanktonic ones. (AU)