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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Formulation optimization of lecithin-enhanced pickering emulsions stabilized by chitosan nanoparticles for hesperidin encapsulation

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Autor(es):
Dammak, Ilyes [1] ; do Amaral Sobral, Paulo Jose [1]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, FZEA, Dept Food Engn, 225 Duque Caxias Norte Ave, BR-13635900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Food Engineering; v. 229, p. 2-11, JUL 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 9
Resumo

Hesperidin is a flavonoid that exhibits reduced solubility in aqueous-based formulations. In the present study, hesperidin was encapsulated in food-grade oil-in-water (O/W) lecithin-enhanced Pickering emulsions that were stabilized by chitosan nanoparticles via a rotor-stator homogenizer. The objective of the experiment was to investigate the effects of formulation factors, i.e., chitosan nanoparticles (ChiNP), lecithin concentration, and the oil-to-water (O/W) ratio, on the physical stability of hesperidin-loaded emulsions. The mean droplet size (d(3,2)) and emulsion stability index (ESI) were predicted using the response surface methodology. The optimal formulation conditions were achieved when using concentrations of 1.1% (w/w) of ChiNP, 4.4% (w/w) of lecithin, and an O/W ratio of 0.24 (v/v), with a high ESI of 0.78 +/- 0.06, a d(3,2) of 2.5 +/- 0.87 mu m, and a polydispersity index (PDI) of 0.33. Therefore, the models explained 98% of the response variability. The emulsion characterizations, using confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) micrographs, showed direct evidence that the ChiNP were adsorbed at the interface between the oil and water phases. Detailed microstructures of the emulsion droplets were visualized by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), corroborating the potential of ChiNP as wall material for the development of Pickering emulsions. The shelf-life estimation of the hesperidin emulsions was characterized using an automated analytical centrifuge. The results inferred a long shelf-life for the emulsions since the obtained creaming velocity was lower. In conclusion, this versatile and straightforward approach can be potentially applied in the encapsulation of several oil-soluble active compounds for food applications. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/07914-8 - FoRC - Centro de Pesquisa em Alimentos
Beneficiário:Bernadette Dora Gombossy de Melo Franco
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Centros de Pesquisa, Inovação e Difusão - CEPIDs
Processo FAPESP: 15/02879-5 - Development of nanocomposites with active principles added as nanoemulsion
Beneficiário:Ilyes Dammak
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado