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Is Bypassing the Stomach a Means to Optimize Sodium Bicarbonate Supplementation? A Case Study With a Postbariatric Surgery Individual

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Autor(es):
de Oliveira, Luana Farias [1] ; Saunders, Bryan [1] ; Artioli, Guilherme Giannini [1]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo FMUSP, Fac Med, Appl Physiol & Nutr Res Grp, Rheumatol Div, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORT NUTRITION AND EXERCISE METABOLISM; v. 28, n. 6, p. 660-663, NOV 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Sodium bicarbonate (SB) is an ergogenic supplement shown to improve high-intensity exercise via increased blood bicarbonate buffering. Substantial amounts of the ingested bicarbonate are neutralized in the stomach. Bariatric surgery results in a small gastric pouch which dramatically reduces exposure time of any ingested food in the stomach. The aim of this study was to examine the pharmacokinetics of orally ingested SB in a postgastric bypass individual to determine the magnitude of changes in blood bicarbonate and associated side effects. We hypothesized that SB supplementation in a gastric bypass model would result in greater blood bicarbonate increases and fewer side effects than in healthy individuals due to minimal bicarbonate losses in the stomach. One postbariatric male ingested 0.3 g/kg.body mass of SB on three occasions (SB1, SB2, and SB3) and 0.3 g/kg.body mass of placebo on a further occasion. Blood bicarbonate was determined before and every 10 min following supplement ingestion for 3 hr and then every 20 min for a further 1 hr. Side effects were reported using an adapted questionnaire at identical time points. Maximal increases in blood bicarbonate with SB were +20.0, +15.2, and +12.6 mM, resulting in maximal bicarbonate concentrations of 42.8, 39.3, and 36.2 mM. Area under the curve was SB1: 8,328 mM/min; SB2: 7,747 mM/min; SB3: 7,627 mM/min, and 6,436 mM/min for placebo. Side effects with SB were scarce. Maximal bicarbonate increases were well above those shown previously, with minimal side effects, indicative of minimal neutralization of bicarbonate in the stomach. The large increases in circulating bicarbonate and minimal side effects experienced by our postgastric surgery bypass patient are indicative that minimizing neutralization of bicarbonate in the stomach, as would occur with enteric coated capsules, may optimize SB supplementation and thus warrants investigation. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/11948-8 - Vida sem carnosina: desenvolvimento e caracterização de um modelo de rato nocaute para estudo do papel fisiológico da carnosina e suas implicações para o exercício físico e metabolismo muscular
Beneficiário:Guilherme Giannini Artioli
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 16/50438-0 - Suplementação nutricional e exercício para otimizar o desempenho: foco nas respostas individuais e um passo para a nutrição esportiva personalizada
Beneficiário:Bryan Saunders
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores