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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Gasdermin-D and Caspase-7 are the key Caspase-1/8 substrates downstream of the NAIP5/NLRC4 inflammasome required for restriction of Legionella pneumophila

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Autor(es):
Goncalves, Augusto V. [1] ; Margolis, Shally R. [2, 3] ; Quirino, Gustavo F. S. [1] ; Mascarenhas, Danielle P. A. [1] ; Rauch, Isabella [4, 2, 3] ; Nichols, Randilea D. [2, 3, 5] ; Ansaldo, Eduard [2, 3] ; Fontana, Mary F. [2, 3, 6] ; Vance, Russell E. [2, 3, 7] ; Zamboni, Dario S. [1]
Número total de Autores: 10
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Dept Cell Biol, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Calif Berkeley, Div Immunol & Pathogenesis, Dept Mol & Cell Biol, Berkeley, CA 94720 - USA
[3] Univ Calif Berkeley, Canc Res Lab, Berkeley, CA 94720 - USA
[4] Oregon Hlth & Sci Univ, Dept Mol Microbiol & Immunol, Portland, OR 97201 - USA
[5] Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Microbiol, Immunol, Mol Genet, Los Angeles, CA - USA
[6] Univ Washington, Sch Med, Dept Immunol, Seattle, WA - USA
[7] Univ Calif Berkeley, Howard Hughes Med Inst, Berkeley, CA 94720 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 7
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLOS PATHOGENS; v. 15, n. 6 JUN 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 5
Resumo

Inflammasomes are cytosolic multi-protein complexes that detect infection or cellular damage and activate the Caspase-1 (CASP1) protease. The NAIP5/NLRC4 inflammasome detects bacterial flagellin and is essential for resistance to the flagellated intracellular bacterium Legionella pneumophila. The effectors required downstream of NAIP5/NLRC4 to restrict bacterial replication remain unclear. Upon NAIP5/NLRC4 activation, CASP1 cleaves and activates the pore-forming protein Gasdermin-D (GSDMD) and the effector caspase-7 (CASP7). However, Casp1(-/-)(and Casp1/11(-/-)) mice are only partially susceptible to L. pneumophila and do not phenocopy Nlrc4(-/-)mice, because NAIP5/NLRC4 also activates CASP8 for restriction of L. pneumophila infection. Here we show that CASP8 promotes the activation of CASP7 and that Casp7/1/11(-/-)and Casp8/1/11(-/-)mice recapitulate the full susceptibility of Nlrc4(-/-)mice. Gsdmd(-/-)mice exhibit only mild susceptibility to L. pneumophila, but Gsdmd(-/-)Casp7(-/-)mice are as susceptible as the Nlrc4(-/-)mice. These results demonstrate that GSDMD and CASP7 are the key substrates downstream of NAIP5/NLRC4/CASP1/8 required for resistance to L. pneumophila. Author summary Inflammasomes are multi-protein complexes that detect infection and other stimuli and activate the Caspase-1 (CASP1) protease. The effectors required downstream of NAIP5/NLRC4 to restrict bacterial replication remain unclear. Active CASP1 cleaves and activates the pore-forming protein gasdermin D (GSDMD) to induce inflammation and cell death. We have previously shown that CASP8 is activated by the NAIP5/NLRC4 inflammasome independently of CASP1 and functions to restrict replication of the intracellular bacterium Legionella pneumophila. Here, we show that CASP7 is activated downstream of CASP8 and is required for CASP8-dependent restriction of L. pneumophila replication in macrophages and in vivo. In addition, CASP7 is also activated by CASP1. Taken together, these results imply that CASP7 and GSDMD are the two key caspase substrates downstream of NAIP5/NLRC4. In support of this hypothesis, we found that mice double deficient in CASP7 and GSDMD are more susceptible than the single knockouts and are as susceptible as the Nlrc4 deficient mice for restriction of L. pneumophila replication in vivo. Collectively, our data indicate that GSDMD and CASP7 are activated by CASP1 and induce cell death and restriction of bacterial infection. Therefore, GSDMD and multiple caspases (CASP1, CASP7 and CASP8) operate downstream of the NAIP5/NLRC4 inflammasome for restriction of infection by pathogenic bacteria. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/08216-2 - CPDI - Centro de Pesquisa em Doenças Inflamatórias
Beneficiário:Fernando de Queiroz Cunha
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Centros de Pesquisa, Inovação e Difusão - CEPIDs
Processo FAPESP: 14/04684-4 - O inflamassoma na resposta contra patógenos intracelulares e os mecanismos microbianos relacionados à evasão
Beneficiário:Dario Simões Zamboni
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático