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Solar smart grid as a path to economic inclusion and adaptation to climate change in the Brazilian Semiarid Northeast

Texto completo
Nobre, Paulo [1] ; Pereira, Enio Bueno [2] ; Lacerda, Francinete Francis [3] ; Bursztyn, Marcel [4] ; Haddad, Eduardo Amaral [5] ; Ley, Debora [6]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] INPE, Natl Inst Space Res, CPTEC, Ctr Weather Forecast & Climate Studies, Cachoeira Paulista - Brazil
[2] INPE, Natl Inst Space Res, CCST, Earth Syst Sci Ctr, Sao Jose Dos Campos - Brazil
[3] IPA, Agron Inst Pernambuco, Recife, PE - Brazil
[4] Univ Brasilia, CDS, Ctr Sustainable Dev, Brasilia, DF - Brazil
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, FEA, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[6] Univ Oxford, Sch Geog & Environm, Environm Change Inst, Oxford - England
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Citações Web of Science: 0

Purpose - This study aims to exploit the abundance of solar energy resources for socioeconomic development in the semi -arid Northeastern Brazil as a potent adaptation tool to global climate change. It points out a set of conjuncture factors that allow us to foresee a new paradigm of sustainable development for the region by transforming the sun's radiant energy into electricity through distributed photovoltaic generation. The new paradigm, as presented in this essay, has the transformative potential to free the region from past regional development dogma, which was dependent on the scarce water resource, and the marginal and predatory use of its Caatinga Biome. Design/methodology/approach - The research uses a pre ante design, following the procedures of scenario building, as an adaptation mechanism to climate change in the sector of energy generation and socioeconomic inclusion. Findings - The scenarios of socioeconomic resilience to climate change based on the abundance of solar radiation, rather than the scarcity of water, demonstrates its potential as a global adaptation paradigm to climate change. Research limitations/implications - The developments proposed are dependent on federal legislation changes, allowing the small producer to be remunerated by the energy produced. Practical implications - The proposed smart grid photovoltaic generation program increases the country's resiliency to the effect of droughts and climate change. Social implications - As proposed, the program allows for the reversion of a pattern of long term poverty in semi-arid Northeast Brazil. Originality/value - The exploitation of the characteristics of abundance of the semiarid climate, i.e. its very condition of semi-aridity with abundant solar radiation, is itself an advantage factor toward adaption to unforeseen drought events. Extensive previous research has focused on weighting and monitoring drought i.e. the paradigm of scarcity. The interplay between exploiting Northeast Brazil's abundant factors and climate change adaptation, especially at the small farmer levels constitutes a discovery never before contemplated. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 09/50528-6 - Modelo brasileiro do sistema climático global
Beneficiário:Carlos Afonso Nobre
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 14/50848-9 - INCT 2014: INCT para Mudanças Climáticas (INCT-MC)
Beneficiário:Jose Antonio Marengo Orsini
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Temático