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Selected soil water tensions at phenological phases and mineral content of trace elements in rice grains - mitigating arsenic by water management

Texto completo
Autor(es):
da Silva, Jaqueline Trombetta [1] ; Paniz, Fernanda Pollo [2] ; Sanchez, Fabiana e Silva [2] ; Pedron, Tatiana [2] ; Torres, Daiane Placido [3] ; Garcia da Rocha Concenco, Fernanda Izabel [4] ; Barbat Parfitt, Jose Maria [3] ; Batista, Bruno Lemos [2]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Pelotas, Soil & Water Conservat & Management Postgrad Prog, Postal Box 354, BR-96010900 Capao Do Leao, RS - Brazil
[2] Fed Univ ABC, Ctr Nat & Human Sci, BR-09210580 Santo Andre, SP - Brazil
[3] EMBRAPA Clima Temperado Embrapa Temperate Agr, Brazilian Agr Res Corp, Rodovia BR 392, Km 78, BR-96010971 Pelotas, RS - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Pelotas, Food Sci & Technol Postgrad Program, Postal Box 354, BR-96010900 Capao Do Leao, RS - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Agricultural Water Management; v. 228, FEB 20 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

The adoption of water-saving practices in rice cultivation modifies soil water tension regime, then influencing accumulation of chemical elements in rice grains. Some studies report higher concentrations of arsenic (As) in rice grains produced in anaerobic soils, compared to those produced in aerobic soils. However, there is a lack of information about the association between water stress imposed at distinct phenological phases of rice and the accumulation of chemical elements in grains. The aim of the present work was to determine the levels of As, Cd, Co, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, Ni, Pb, Se and Zn in husked grains of three rice varieties cultivated under different soil water tensions, imposed at distinct phases of the development. The study was conducted during 3 years with 3 rice varieties. The higher soil water tension in vegetative phase influenced Cd accumulation, Mn, Cu and Co. The reproductive phase 1 (panicle initiation - anthesis) is the main phase regarding uptake of chemical elements, when the highest soil water tension implied the lowest As accumulation in grains concomitantly with increase of toxic elements Cd and Pb, although keeping them below the threshold levels determined by FAO/WHO, and essential elements as Mn, Zn, Se, Cu, Co and Ni. The increased soil water tension in reproductive phase 2 (anthesis - ripening) decreased the levels of Pb in BRS Pampa. There is association among the contents of chemical elements (especially Cd, As and Pb) in grains, rice variety, grain yield and irrigation scheduling, especially for As. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/05151-0 - Arsênio e arroz: monitoramento e estudos de (bio)remediação para segurança alimentar
Beneficiário:Bruno Lemos Batista
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 16/19924-6 - Avaliação da bioacessibilidade in vitro e da biodisponibilidade in vivo de arsênio ingerido através do arroz comumente consumido por brasileiros
Beneficiário:Tatiana Pedron
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado