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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Addition of either gastric lipase or cholesterol esterase to improve both beta-cryptoxanthin ester hydrolysis and micellarization during in vitro digestion of fruit pulps

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Petry, Fabiane C. [1] ; Mercadante, Adriana Z. [1]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Fac Food Engn, Dept Food Sci, Food Res Ctr FoRC, Rua Monteiro Lobato 80, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Food Research International; v. 137, NOV 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Using the INFOGEST in vitro digestion protocol adapted to carotenoids, the impact of additional rabbit gastric lipase (RGL) on the hydrolysis extent of beta-cryptoxanthin esters was evaluated for the first time, and compared with the addition of porcine cholesterol esterase (CEL). Both the modifications increased the hydrolysis of (all-E)beta-cryptoxanthin esters from mandarin and peach pulps, although the outcomes were different. Addition of RGL consistently increased the average hydrolysis extent from 55.2% to 59.5% in mandarin pulp and from 22.7% to 48.8% in peach pulp (p < 0.05). The addition of CEL produced lower hydrolysis extents, i.e., 58.5% in mandarin (not statistically significant) and 28.4% in peach (p < 0.05), compared to those obtained with RGL. The hydrolysis extent positively correlated with the carotenoid ester concentration in both matrices. Bioaccessibility values were higher in mandarin pulp (range 32-34%) compared to those in peach pulp (range 16-21%), and were associated with the hydrolysis extent of the carotenoid esters during digestion. Addition of RGL and CEL produced no significant (p < 0.05) effect on the overall carotenoid bioaccessibility values of mandarin, while positively affected those in peach. Altogether these results corroborate that the hydrolysis extent of xanthophyll esters limits bioaccessibility. Additionally, hydrophobicity of the carotenoid inversely correlates with micellarization, as free (all-E)-xanthophylls micellarized in a higher extent compared to (all-E)-beta-carotene and xanthophyll esters. The new information of our results is that the addition of rabbit gastric lipase substantially contributes to the hydrolysis of beta-cryptoxanthin esters from fruit pulps, and consequently, to increase carotenoid bioaccessibility, being even more effective than CEL. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/08648-0 - Estudo de alterações no protocolo de digestão in vitro INFOGEST e da adição de lipídios exógenos na bioacessibilidade e hidrólise de ésteres de carotenoides
Beneficiário:Fabiane Cristina Petry
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 18/23752-1 - EMU concedido no processo 2013/07914-8 sistema de cromatografia líquida de alta velocidade acoplado a detectores de arranjo de diodos, fluorescência e massas
Beneficiário:Adriana Zerlotti Mercadante
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa Equipamentos Multiusuários