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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Shear stress-exposed pulmonary artery endothelial cells fail to upregulate HSP70 in chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension

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Autor(es):
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Salibe-Filho, William [1] ; Araujo, Thais L. S. [2] ; Melo, Everton G. [2] ; Coimbra, Luiza B. C. T. [2] ; Lapa, Monica S. [1] ; Acencio, Milena M. P. [1] ; Freitas-Filho, Orival [3] ; Capelozzi, Vera Luiza [4] ; Teixeira, Lisete Ribeiro [1] ; Fernandes, Caio J. C. S. [1] ; Jatene, Fabio Biscegli [3] ; Laurindo, Francisco R. M. [5] ; Terra-Filho, Mario [1]
Número total de Autores: 13
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Heart Inst InCor, Pulm Div, Hosp Clin, Fac Med, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Chem, Dept Biochem, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Cardiovasc Surg Div, Fac Med, Hosp Clin, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Pathol, Fac Med, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Heart Inst InCor, Vasc Biol Lab, Hosp Clin, Fac Med, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS One; v. 15, n. 12 DEC 3 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

The pathophysiological mechanisms underlying chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) are still unclear. Endothelial cell (EC) remodeling is believed to contribute to this pulmonary disease triggered by thrombus and hemodynamic forces disbalance. Recently, we showed that HSP70 levels decrease by proatherogenic shear stress. Molecular chaperones play a major role in proteostasis in neurological, cancer and inflammatory/ infectious diseases. To shed light on microvascular responses in CTEPH, we characterized the expression of molecular chaperones and annexin A2, a component of the fibrinolytic system. There is no animal model that reproduces microvascular changes in CTEPH, and this fact led us to isolated endothelial cells from patients with CTEPH undergoing pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA). We exposed CTEPH-EC and control human pulmonary endothelial cells (HPAEC) to high- (15 dynes/cm(2)) or low- (5 dynes/cm(2)) shear stress. After high-magnitude shear stress HPAEC upregulated heat shock protein 70kDa (HSP70) and the HSP ER paralogs 78 and 94kDa glucose-regulated protein (GRP78 and 94), whereas CTEPH-ECs failed to exhibit this response. At static conditions, both HSP70 and HSP90 families in CTEPH-EC are decreased. Importantly, immunohistochemistry analysis showed that HSP70 expression was downregulated in vivo, and annexin A2 was upregulated. Interestingly, wound healing and angiogenesis assays revealed that HSP70 inhibition with VER-155008 further impaired CTEPH-EC migratory responses. These results implicate HSP70 as a novel master regulator of endothelial dysfunction in type 4 PH. Overall, we first show that global failure of HSP upregulation is a hallmark of CTEPH pathogenesis and propose HSP70 as a potential biomarker of this condition. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 20/11249-3 - A fisiopatologia das células endoteliais isoladas de pacientes com tromboembolismo pulmonar hipertensivo: mecanismos regulados por HSP70
Beneficiário:Luiza Bitencourt de Carvalho Terci Coimbra
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 19/20435-8 - Proteostase mediada pela chaperona molecular HSP70 em células endoteliais em resposta à força hemodinâmica
Beneficiário:Thaís Larissa Araujo de Oliveira Silva
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 15/06210-2 - Envolvimento da via da GRASP na externalização da dissulfeto isomerase proteica-A1 e sua implicação na resposta de células endoteliais a shear stress
Beneficiário:Thaís Larissa Araujo de Oliveira Silva
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 18/13739-8 - Proteostase mediada pela chaperona molecular HSP70 em células endoteliais em resposta à força hemodinâmica
Beneficiário:Thaís Larissa Araujo de Oliveira Silva
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 13/07937-8 - Redoxoma
Beneficiário:Ohara Augusto
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Centros de Pesquisa, Inovação e Difusão - CEPIDs