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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Serotonergic neurotransmission in the dorsal raphe nucleus recruits in situ 5-HT2A/2C receptors to modulate the post-ictal antinociception

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Freitas, Renato Leonardo [1, 2] ; Bassi, Gabriel Shimizu [1, 2] ; de Oliveira, Ana Maria [3] ; Coimbra, Norberto Cysne [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med Ribeirao Preto, Dept Pharmacol, Lab Neuroanat & Neuropsychobiol, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Neurocience & Behav, BR-14049901 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Pharmaceut Ribeirao Preto, Dept Chem & Phys, Pharmacol Lab, BR-14049903 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Experimental Neurology; v. 213, n. 2, p. 410-418, OCT 2008.
Citações Web of Science: 26
Resumo

The post-ictal immobility syndrome is followed by a significant increase in the nociceptive thresholds in animals and humans. The aim of this study was to assess the involvement of the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) in the post-ictal antinociception. The second aim was to study the role of serotonergic intrinsic mechanisms of the DRN in this hypo-algesic phenomenon. Pentylenetetrazole (PTZ), an ionophore GABA-mediated Cl- influx antagonist, was peripherally used to induce tonic-clonic seizures in Wistar rats. The nociceptive threshold was measured by the tail-flick test. Neurochemical lesions of the DRN, performed with microinjection of ibotenic acid (1.0 mu g/0.2 mu L), caused a significant decrease of tonic-clonic seizure-induced antinociception, suggesting the involvement of this nucleus in this antinociceptive Process. Microinjections of methysergide (1.0 and 5.0 mu g/0.2 mu L), a non-selective serotonergic receptor antagonist, into DRN caused a significant decrease in the post-ictal antinociception in seizing animals, compared to controls, in all post-ictal periods Presently studied. These findings were corroborated by microinjections of ketanserin (at 1.0 and 5.0 mu g/0.2 mu L) into DRN. Ketanserin is an antagonist with large affinity for 5-HT2A/2C serotonergic receptors, which, in this Case, Caused a significant decrease in the tail-flick latencies in seizing animals, compared to controls after the first 20 min following tonic-clonic convulsive reactions. These results indicate that serotonergic neurotransmission of the DRN neuronal clusters is involved in the organization of the post-ictal hypo-algesia. The 5-HT2A/2C receptors of DRN neurons seem to be critically involved in the increase of nociceptive thresholds following tonic-clonic seizures. (c) 2008 Elsevier Inc, All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 96/08574-9 - Estudo de processos antinociceptivos pos-ictais em modelos experimentais de epilepsia
Beneficiário:Norberto Cysne Coimbra
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 03/05256-1 - Caracterização de receptores serotoninérgicos na analgesia pós-ictal: envolvimento do núcleo dorsal da rafe
Beneficiário:Renato Leonardo de Freitas
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 04/14786-7 - Estudo do envolvimento do núcleo pedúnculo-pontino e de receptores colinérgicos muscarínicos e nicotínicos na analgesia pós-ictal
Beneficiário:Gabriel Shimizu Bassi
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica
Processo FAPESP: 02/01496-5 - Estudo do envolvimento do núcleo magno da rafe, do núcleo gigantocelular e núcleo pré-tectal anterior, e de receptores opióides, mu, kappa e delta serotininérgicos 5-HT2A/2C e noradrenérgicos alfa e beta na analgesia pós-ictal: um estudo neuroanatômico e neuropsicofisiológico em um modelo experimental de epilepsia
Beneficiário:Norberto Cysne Coimbra
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular