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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Transcranial magnetic stimulation in mild to severe hemiparesis early after stroke: a proof of principle and novel approach to improve motor function

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Autor(es):
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Conforto, Adriana B. [1, 2] ; Anjos, Sarah M. [2] ; Saposnik, Gustavo [3] ; Mello, Eduardo A. [2] ; Nagaya, Erina M. [2] ; Santos, Jr., Waldyr [2] ; Ferreiro, Karina N. [2] ; Melo, Eduardo S. [2] ; Reis, Felipe I. [2] ; Scaff, Milberto [2] ; Cohen, Leonardo G. [4]
Número total de Autores: 11
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Inst Israelita Ensino & Pesquisa Albert Einstein, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Div Clin Neurol, Hosp Clin, BR-05403010 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Toronto, St Michaels Hosp, Stroke Outcomes Res Unit, Toronto, ON M5B 1W8 - Canada
[4] NINDS, Human Cort Physiol & Stroke Rehabil Sect, Bethesda, MD 20892 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY; v. 259, n. 7, p. 1399-1405, JUL 2012.
Citações Web of Science: 50
Resumo

Low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of the unaffected hemisphere can enhance function of the paretic hand in patients with mild motor impairment. Effects of low-frequency rTMS to the contralesional motor cortex at an early stage of mild to severe hemiparesis after stroke are unknown. In this pilot, randomized, double-blind clinical trial we compared the effects of low-frequency rTMS or sham rTMS as add-on therapies to outpatient customary rehabilitation, in 30 patients within 5-45 days after ischemic stroke, and mild to severe hand paresis. The primary feasibility outcome was compliance with the interventions. The primary safety outcome was the proportion of intervention-related adverse events. Performance of the paretic hand in the Jebsen-Taylor test and pinch strength were secondary outcomes. Outcomes were assessed at baseline, after ten sessions of treatment administered over 2 weeks and at 1 month after end of treatment. Baseline clinical features were comparable across groups. For the primary feasibility outcome, compliance with treatment was 100% in the active group and 94% in the sham group. There were no serious intervention-related adverse events. There were significant improvements in performance in the Jebsen-Taylor test (mean, 12.3% 1 month after treatment) and pinch force (mean, 0.5 Newtons) in the active group, but not in the sham group. Low-frequency rTMS to the contralesional motor cortex early after stroke is feasible, safe and potentially effective to improve function of the paretic hand, in patients with mild to severe hemiparesis. These promising results will be valuable to design larger randomized clinical trials. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/12696-1 - Ensaio clínico com estimulação magnética transcraniana em pacientes com acidente vascular cerebral isquêmico
Beneficiário:Erina Megumi Nagaya
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica
Processo FAPESP: 09/51641-0 - Comparação entre diferentes métodos de análise do período silente ipsilateral em pacientes com acidente vascular cerebral na fase subaguda
Beneficiário:Erina Megumi Nagaya
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica
Processo FAPESP: 06/55504-0 - Ensaio clínico com estimulação magnética transcraniana em pacientes com acidente vascular cerebral isquêmico
Beneficiário:Adriana Bastos Conforto
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 10/15660-8 - Ensaio clínico com estimulação magnética transcraniana em pacientes com acidente vascular cerebral isquêmico
Beneficiário:Sarah Monteiro dos Anjos
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Programa Capacitação - Treinamento Técnico