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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

BF Integrase Genes of HIV-1 Circulating in Sao Paulo, Brazil, with a Recurrent Recombination Region

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Iamarino, Atila [1] ; de Melo, Fernando Lucas [1] ; Braconi, Carla Torres [1] ; de Andrade Zanotto, Paolo Marinho [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Lab Mol Evolut & Bioinformat, Dept Microbiol, Biomed Sci Inst ICB 2, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS One; v. 7, n. 4 APR 2 2012.
Citações Web of Science: 3
Resumo

Although some studies have shown diversity in HIV integrase (IN) genes, none has focused particularly on the gene evolving in epidemics in the context of recombination. The IN gene in 157 HIV-1 integrase inhibitor-naive patients from the Sao Paulo State, Brazil, were sequenced tallying 128 of subtype B (23 of which were found in non-B genomes), 17 of subtype F (8 of which were found in recombinant genomes), 11 integrases were BF recombinants, and 1 from subtype C. Crucially, we found that 4 BF recombinant viruses shared a recurrent recombination breakpoint region between positions 4900 and 4924 (relative to the HXB2) that includes 2 gRNA loops, where the RT may stutter. Since these recombinants had independent phylogenetic origin, we argue that these results suggest a possible recombination hotspot not observed so far in BF CRF in particular, or in any other HIV-1 CRF in general. Additionally, 40% of the drug-naive and 45% of the drug-treated patients had at least 1 raltegravir (RAL) or elvitegravir (EVG) resistance-associated amino acid change, but no major resistance mutations were found, in line with other studies. Importantly, V151I was the most common minor resistance mutation among B, F and BF IN genes. Most codon sites of the IN genes had higher rates of synonymous substitutions (dS) indicative of a strong negative selection. Nevertheless, several codon sites mainly in the subtype B were found under positive selection. Consequently, we observed a higher genetic diversity in the B portions of the mosaics, possibly due to the more recent introduction of subtype F on top of an ongoing subtype B epidemics and a fast spread of subtype F alleles among the B population. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 00/04205-6 - Projeto VIRGEN - Viral Genetic Diversity Network (VGDN)
Beneficiário:Paolo Marinho de Andrade Zanotto
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 07/01554-9 - Caracterização biológica e molecular de recombinantes naturais de HIV-1
Beneficiário:Fernando Lucas de Melo
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 10/19341-4 - Caracterização biológica de recombinantes naturais e artificiais entre os subtipos B e F de HIV-1
Beneficiário:Paolo Marinho de Andrade Zanotto
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 09/16740-8 - Estudo das proteínas estruturais do nucleopoliedrovírus Anticarsia gemmatalis (AgMNPV-2D) em linhagens de células de inseto distintas e comparação da GP64 em variantes geográficas
Beneficiário:Carla Torres Braconi
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado Direto
Processo FAPESP: 08/58559-5 - Análise e caracterização molecular, estrutural e populacional de proteases de HIV-1 do estado de São Paulo
Beneficiário:Atila Iamarino
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado Direto