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Rapid test for the evaluation of the activity of the prodrug hydroxymethylnitrofurazone in the processing of Trypanosoma cruzi messenger RNAs

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Barbosa, C. F. ; Okuda, E. S. ; Chung, M. C. ; Ferreira, E. I. [4] ; Cicarelli, R. M. B.
Número total de Autores: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research; v. 40, n. 1, p. 33-39, Jan. 2007.
Área do conhecimento: Ciências da Saúde - Farmácia
Assunto(s):Tripanossomicidas   Trypanosoma cruzi   Processamento de RNA   Trans-splicing

No fully effective treatment has been developed since the discovery of Chagas' disease by Carlos Chagas in 1909. Since drug-resistant Trypanosoma cruzi strains are occurring and the current therapy is effectiveness in the acute phase but with various adverse side effects, more studies are needed to characterize the susceptibility of T. cruzi to new drugs. Many natural and/or synthetic substances showing trypanocidal activity have been used, even though they are not likely to be turned into clinically approved drugs. Originally, drug screening was performed using natural products, with only limited knowledge of the molecular mechanism involved in the development of diseases. Trans-splicing, which is unusual RNA processing reaction and occurs in nematodes and trypanosomes, implies the processing of polycistronic transcription units into individual mRNAs; a short transcript spliced leader (SL RNA) is trans-spliced to the acceptor pre-mRNA, giving origin to the mature mRNA. In the present study, permeable cells of T. cruzi epimastigote forms (Y, BOL and NCS strains) were treated to evaluate the interference of two drugs (hydroxymethylnitrofurazone - NFOH-121 and nitrofurazone) in the trans-splicing reaction using silver-stained PAGE analysis. Both drugs induced a significant reduction in RNA processing at concentrations from 5 to 12.5 µM. These data agreed with the biological findings, since the number of parasites decreased, especially with NFOH-121. This proposed methodology allows a rapid and cost-effective screening strategy for detecting drug interference in the trans-splicing mechanism of T. cruzi. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 04/01630-9 - Caracterização de ribonucleoproteínas (U1, U2, U5 e u6 snRNPs) em diferentes cepas de Trypanosoma cruzi
Beneficiário:Regina Maria Barretto Cicarelli
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 99/11393-4 - Caracterização de ribonucleoproteínas (UsnRNPs) em extratos nucleares de tripanosomatídeos utilizados nas reações de trnas-splicing in vitro
Beneficiário:Regina Maria Barretto Cicarelli
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 01/01192-3 - Antichagásicos potenciais derivados de compostos nitro-heterocíclicos
Beneficiário:Elizabeth Igne Ferreira
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 03/05791-4 - Planejamento de pró-fármacos antichagásicos: síntese de fármaco dirigido derivado de nitrofural e estudo da hidrólise do pró-fármaco hidroximetilnitrofural
Beneficiário:Chung Man Chin
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular