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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Beer Thiol-Containing Compounds and Redox Stability: Kinetic Study of 1-Hydroxyethyl Radical Scavenging Ability

Texto completo
Autor(es):
de Almeida, Natalia E. C. [1, 2] ; Lund, Marianne N. [2, 3] ; Andersen, Mogens L. [2] ; Cardoso, Daniel R. [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Quim Sao Carlos, BR-13560970 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Copenhagen, Dept Food Sci, DK-1958 Frederiksberg C - Denmark
[3] Novozymes AS, DK-2880 Bagsvaerd - Denmark
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry; v. 61, n. 39, p. 9444-9452, OCT 2 2013.
Citações Web of Science: 14
Resumo

The 1-hydroxyethyl radical is a central intermediate in oxidative reactions occurring in beer. The reactivity of thiol-containing compounds toward 1-hydroxyethyl radical was evaluated in beer model solutions using a competitive kinetic approach, employing the spin-trap 4-POBN as a probe and by using electron paramagnetic resonance to detect the generated 1-hydroxyethyl/4-POBN spin adduct. Thiol-containing compounds were highly reactive toward the 1-hydroxyethyl radical with apparent second order rate constants close to the diffusion limit in water and ranging from 0.5 x 10(9) L mol(-1) s(-1) for the His-Cys-Lys-Phe-Trp-Trp peptide to 6.1 X 10(9) L mol(-1) s(-1) for the reduced lipid transfer protein 1 (LTP1) isolated from beer. The reactions gave rise to a moderate kinetic isotope effect (k(H)/k(D) = 2.3) suggesting that reduction of the 1-hydroxyethyl radical by thiol-containing compounds takes place by hydrogen atom abstraction from the RSH group rather than electron transfer. The content of reduced thiols in different beers was determined using a previously established method based on ThioGlo-1 as the thiol derivatization reagent and detection of the derivatized thiols by reverse phase liquid chromatography coupled to a fluorescence detector. The total level Of thiol in beer (oxidized and reduced) was determined after a reduction step employing 3,3',3{''}-phosphanetriyltripropanoic acid (TCEP) as the disulfide reductant. A good correlation among total protein and total thiol content in different beers Was observed The results suggest a similar ratio between reduced thiols and disulfides in all of the tested beers, which indicates a similar redox state. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/51555-7 - Pão e carne para o futuro
Beneficiário:Daniel Rodrigues Cardoso
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 09/54040-8 - EMU: aquisição de um espectrômetro de massas de alta resolução Orbitrap para descoberta e elucidação estrutural compostos biologicamente ativos: aplicações em proteômica e biomarcadores, síntese, isolamento e caracterização de produtos naturais, estudos de sistemas redox em alimentos e síntese enzimática
Beneficiário:Emanuel Carrilho
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa Equipamentos Multiusuários
Processo FAPESP: 12/03916-3 - Investigação da estabilidade oxidativa da cerveja conferida por proteínas contendo grupos tióis livres
Beneficiário:Natália Ellen Castilho de Almeida
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 11/09273-4 - Reatividade de terpenos e flavonóides prenilados frente a radicais formados durante o envelhecimento da cerveja
Beneficiário:Natália Ellen Castilho de Almeida
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado