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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

In vitro metabolism of the alkaloid piplartine by rat liver microsomes

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Mauriz Marques, Lucas Maciel [1] ; da Silva-Junior, Eduardo Afonso [2] ; Gouvea, Dayana Rubio [1] ; Vessecchi, Ricardo [3] ; Pupo, Monica Tallarico [2] ; Lopes, Norberto Peporine [1] ; Kato, Massuo Jorge [4] ; Moraes de Oliveira, Anderson Rodrigo [3]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Ciencias Farmaceut Ribeirao Preto, Dept Fis Quim, BR-14040903 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Ciencias Farmaceut Ribeirao Preto, Dept Ciencias Farmaceut, BR-14040903 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Filosofia Ciencias & Letras Ribeirao Preto, Dept Quim, BR-14040901 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Quim, BR-05508000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis; v. 95, p. 113-120, JUL 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 25
Resumo

Because piplartine (PPT) has demonstrated biological activities, such as cytotoxic, anxiolytic, antidepressant, antifungal and antipiatelet activities, this molecule is a relevant drug candidate. The metabolic fate of drug candidates is an essential requirement in assessing their safety and efficacy. Based on this requirement, the biotransformation of PPT by cytochrome P450 enzymes (CYP) was investigated for the first time. To determine the in vitro enzymatic kinetic parameters, an HPLC method was developed and validated to quantify PPT. All samples were separated on a reversed-phase C18 column using a mobile phase of acetonitrile:water (40:60, v/v). The method exhibited a linear range of 2.4-157.7 mu mol/L, with the following calibration curve: y = 0.0934 (+/- 0.0010)x + 0.0027, r = 0.9975. The lower limit of quantitation was verified to be 2.4 mu mol/L, with an RSD below 7%. The precision and accuracy were assessed for both within-day and between-day determinations; neither relative standard (RSD%) deviations nor relative errors (RER) exceeded a value of 15%. The mean absolute recovery was 85%, with an RSD value below 6%. The enzymatic kinetic parameters revealed a sigmoidal profile, with V-max = 4.7 +/- 0.31 mu mol/mg mL(-1)/min, h = 2.5 +/- 0.4, S-50 = 44.7 +/- 0.3 mu mol/L and CLmax = 0.054 mu L/min/mg protein, indicating cooperativity behavior. Employing a mammalian model, PPT metabolism yielded two unreported monohydroxylated products (m/z 334). The identification and structural elucidation of the metabolites were performed by comparing their mass spectra with those spectra of the parent drug. For the first time, the in vitro metabolism studies employing microsomes were demonstrated to be a suitable tool for data regarding enzymatic kinetics and for the metabolites formed in the PPT mammalian metabolism. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 09/51812-0 - Desenvolvimento de uma plataforma para o estudo do metabolismo in vivo e in vitro de produtos naturais, uma necessidade para o sistema de ensaios pré-clínicos
Beneficiário:Norberto Peporine Lopes
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 11/17508-1 - Desenvolvimento e validação de métodos cromatográficos e eletroforéticos para posterior aplicação em estudos de biotransformação e metabolismo in vitro
Beneficiário:Anderson Rodrigo Moraes de Oliveira
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 11/13560-9 - Estudo de metabolismo in vitro do alcalóide piplartina empregando microssomas hepático de ratos
Beneficiário:Lucas Maciel Mauriz Marques
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado