The aim of this research is to study the socioeconomic conditions and the political developments of the inmates' rebellion at Anchieta's Island (Ubatubta/SP), in June 20, 1952. The main hypothesis is that this rebellion played a decisive role in the reform of prisons in Sao Paulo, whose parameters and objectives were discussed and implemented during the administrations of Lucas Nogueira Garcez (1950-1954) and Jânio Quadros (1955-1959), at State Government. Thus, the mentioned rebellion will be considered as a case study to understand the prison and penitentiary regimen in São Paulo at mid-twentieth century. Based on the records of the Police Inquires directed by Delegacia Especializada em Ordem Politica e Social from São Paulo State (DEOPS-SP), it is intended to build a profile of socioeconomic conditions of that prison community, concerning inmates and employees, by collecting information about: age, place of birth, schooling, family relations, housing conditions, time and reason for conviction, work conditions before condemnation, skin color, filiations and civil status. These informations will provide aids to understand the relation between economical process and social control policies. On the other hand, but still in the Anchieta' s Island context, it is intended to restore some organization aspects of the Instituto Correcional da Ilha Anchieta, as: labor-therapy, the administration of the inmate's peculium, the government spending with the prison before and after the rebellion, some trends of the social relations inside the prison community, punishments, rewards and recreation. Considering the rebellion as a disrupting of a certain balance of power in a prison community, as said Donald Clemmer, their causes will be sought in those aspects of everyday life in a prison. To understand the place that Anchieta's Island rebellion had occupied in the reform of prisons in Sao Paulo, this research proposes to restore the administrative, legal and normative acts operated by the Legislative and Executive powers and, in the meantime, analyze the repercussion in the specialized media and in the mass media.
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