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Parasites, metabolic parameters and trophic ecology of Oreochromis niloticus cultivated and wild, from grande river, Brazil

Grant number: 18/08164-6
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Master's degree
Effective date (Start): July 09, 2018
Effective date (End): October 08, 2018
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Fishery Resources and Fishery Engineering - Aquaculture
Principal Investigator:Igor Paiva Ramos
Grantee:Cibele Diogo Pagliarini
Supervisor abroad: Juan Antonio Balbuena Diaz-Pines
Home Institution: Faculdade de Engenharia (FEIS). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Ilha Solteira. Ilha Solteira , SP, Brazil
Local de pesquisa : Universitat de València, Spain  
Associated to the scholarship:16/23468-6 - Diet, helmintofauna and metabolic aspects of Oreochromis niloticus from cage fish farms escapes, BP.MS

Abstract

The production of fish from Brazilian aquaculture totaled 507.12 thousand tons in 2016, with Oreochromis niloticus being the main species produced, with 239.09 thousand tons or 47.1% of the total production. Popularly known as the Nile tilapia, O. niloticus, belongs to the family Cichlidae (Perciformes). This species presents rapid growth, late sexual maturity, high prolificacy, omnivorous feeding habits, facilitating feed acceptance, and good adaptation to confinement. However, although tilapia is the target of many studies, due to their large commercial production and consumption, there are some points not yet clarified, such as the environmental effects of the escape of these individuals from the farming systems on the environment. Thus, the present project will concentrate on evaluating three aspects: parasites (endo and ectoparasites), metabolism (lipids, proteins, carbohydrates and fatty acids) and trophic ecology of O. niloticus from cage farms and the wild (from accidental releases). Two samples (rainy/dry periods) were carried out during 2016 and 2017, in a cage farm in the Municipality of Santa Clara D'Oeste - São Paulo State, in the Can-Can distributary. Fifty animals were collected per collection, 25 specimens of cage farms and 25 wild, for diet and parasitology evaluations. Other species of wild fish, which inhabit the vicinity of the cage farm, were also collected for diet analysis. The metabolic analyses were performed with 40 specimens, 20 of which were collected (10 cultivated and 10 from wild). Thus, the main idea of this work is to interpolate all data, diet, metabolism and parasitology with mathematical and statistical assistance, especially using softwares PRIMER + PERMANOVA and RStudio.