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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Drainage reversal of the Amazon River due to the coupling of surface and lithospheric processes

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Sacek, Victor [1]
Total Authors: 1
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Geofis, Inst Astron Geofis & Ciencias Atmosfer, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: Earth and Planetary Science Letters; v. 401, p. 301-312, SEP 1 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 21

The uplift of central and northern Andes occurred concomitantly with an important reorganization of the drainage pattern in the northern South America. In Early Miocene, the fluvial systems that flowed from the Amazonian craton towards the sub-Andean basins and northward to the Caribbean were replaced by a megawetland, the Pebas system, covering more than 10(6) km(2) in western Amazonia. By Late Miocene the Pebas system progressively disappeared and gave place to the transcontinental Amazon River, connecting the Andes and the equatorial Atlantic margin. A previous work suggested that the reversal of the Amazon River and the disappearance of the Pebas system were driven by dynamic topography promoted by mantle convection. Based on a three-dimensional numerical model that couple surface processes, flexural isostasy and crustal thickening due to orogeny, here I propose that the response of the surface processes to the uplift of the central and northern Andes, along with the flexural isostasy of the lithosphere, can explain the drainage reversal of the Amazon River during Miocene time with no need to invoke dynamic topography induced by mantle convection. Moreover, according to this new numerical model, the timing of the drainage reversal in the northern South America is mainly controlled by the efficiency of the sediment transport within the drainage basins and the rate of the Andean uplift. Also, the present numerical experiments were able to predict the increase in sedimentation rate in the Amazon fan after the drainage reversal of the Amazon River as observed in Late Miocene-Pliocene sedimentary record. However, the proposed model fails to fully reproduce the spacial and temporal evolution of the Pebas system as observed in geological data. Further investigation is therefore needed in order to understand the dynamic interaction between surface and tectonic processes and their implications on the development of a megawetland that preceded the reversal of Amazon River drainage. Nevertheless, this work can give new insights into the landscape and stratigraphic evolution of northern South America during Andean orogeny, providing quantitative constraints for the paleogeography reconstructions of Amazonia. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/21084-8 - Interaction between mantle dynamics and surface processes in continental margins
Grantee:Victor Sacek
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 11/10400-0 - Tectonic, climatic and erosional evolution in convergent margins: a numerical approach
Grantee:Victor Sacek
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral