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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Towards the scale-up of electrolysis with diamond anodes: effect of stacking on the electrochemical oxidation of 2,4 D

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Souza, Fernanda [1] ; Saez, Cristina [2] ; Lanza, Marcos [1] ; Canizares, Pablo [2] ; Rodrigo, Manuel A. [2]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Quim Sao Carlos, POB 780, BR-13560970 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Castilla La Mancha, Dept Chem Engn, Fac Chem Sci & Technol, Campus Univ S-N, E-13071 Ciudad Real - Spain
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 8

BACKGROUND: In recent years, the application of electrochemical wastewater treatment processes has proven to be very efficient in the removal of recalcitrant organic compounds. However, the scale-up of the boron-doped diamond (BDD) anode system for industrial applications has not been sufficiently evaluated. This study assesses the effect of increasing the number of compartments in the same electrochemical module (DiaCell(R) 1001) on the treatment of synthetic wastewater with pesticide 2,4-D and chlorides. This commercial module can be considered to be a stack of cells, in which the number of single cells varies from 2-10 and the anode areas range from 140-700 cm(-2). RESULTS: The results of the study demonstrate that an increase in the number of cells and a decrease in the resulting current density at the same current intensity caused an increase in the removal and mineralisation rates. Complete mineralisation was attained in all configurations tested. The production of hazardous species, such as chlorates and perchlorates, are also affected by the number of stacked cells, which causes them to be positioned lower in the stack due to the large number of cells. CONCLUSIONS: No distinct differences in electrochemical efficiency are observed among the different configurations tested. However, a distinct improvement in the energy efficiency (g kWh(-1)) with an increase in the number of stacked cells is observed due to the reduced stack potential caused by applying the same current intensity to the stack with the higher number of cells. (C) 2015 Society of Chemical Industry (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/02580-7 - Green electrochemical technologies for the treatment of wastewater polluted with herbicides
Grantee:Fernanda de Lourdes Souza
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor