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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Prevalence of the genus Cladosporium on the integument of leaf-cutting ants characterized by 454 pyrosequencing

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Author(s):
Duarte, A. P. M. ; Ferro, M. ; Rodrigues, A. ; Bacci, Jr., M. ; Nagamoto, N. S. ; Forti, L. C. ; Pagnocca, F. C.
Total Authors: 7
Document type: Journal article
Source: ANTONIE VAN LEEUWENHOEK INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GENERAL AND MOLECULAR MICROBIOLOGY; v. 109, n. 9, p. 1235-1243, SEP 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

The relationship of attine ants with their mutualistic fungus and other microorganisms has been studied during the last two centuries. However, previous studies about the diversity of fungi in the ants' microenvironment are based mostly on culture-dependent approaches, lacking a broad characterization of the fungal ant-associated community. Here, we analysed the fungal diversity found on the integument of Atta capiguara and Atta laevigata alate ants using 454 pyrosequencing. We obtained 35,453 ITS reads grouped into 99 molecular operational taxonomic units (MOTUs). Data analysis revealed that A. capiguara drones had the highest diversity of MOTUs. Besides the occurrence of several uncultured fungi, the mycobiota analysis revealed that the most abundant taxa were the Cladosporium-complex, Cryptococcus laurentii and Epicoccum sp. Taxa in the genus Cladosporium were predominant in all samples, comprising 67.9 % of all reads. The remarkable presence of the genus Cladosporium on the integument of leaf-cutting ants alates from distinct ant species suggests that this fungus is favored in this microenvironment. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/08540-4 - The role of black fungi associated with leaf-cutting ants (Formicidae: Attini Tribe)
Grantee:Ana Paula Miranda Duarte Toledo
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate