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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

MicroRNA-29 impairs the early phase of reprogramming process by targeting active DNA demethylation enzymes and Wnt signaling

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Fraguas, Mariane Serra ; Eggenschwiler, Reto ; Hoepfner, Jeannine ; dos Santos Schiavinato, Josiane Lilian ; Haddad, Rodrigo ; Bourguignon Oliveira, Lucila Habib ; Araujo, Amelia Goes ; Zago, Marco Antonio ; Panepucci, Rodrigo Alexandre ; Cantz, Tobias
Total Authors: 10
Document type: Journal article
Source: STEM CELL RESEARCH; v. 19, p. 21-30, MAR 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 8

Somatic cell reprogramming by transcription factors and other modifiers such as microRNAs has opened broad avenues for the study of developmental processes, cell fate determination, and interplay of molecular mechanisms in signaling pathways. However, many of the mechanisms that drive nuclear reprogramming itself remain yet to be elucidated. Here, we analyzed the role of miR-29 during reprogramming in more detail. Therefore, we evaluated miR-29 expression during reprogramming of fibroblasts transduced with lentiviral OKS and OKSM vectors and we show that addition of c-MYC to the reprogramming factor cocktail decreases miR-29 expression levels. Moreover, we found that transfection of pre-miR-29a strongly decreased OKS-induced formation of GFP(+)-colonies in MEF-cells from Oct4-eGFP reporter mouse, whereas anti-miR-29a showed the opposite effect. Furthermore, we studied components of two pathways which are important for reprogramming and which involve miR-29 targets: active DNA-demethylation and Wnt-signaling. We show that inhibition of Tet1, Tet2 and Tet3 as well as activation of Wnt-signaling leads to decreased reprogramming efficiency. Moreover, transfection of premiR-29 resulted in elevated expression of beta-Catenin transcriptional target sFRP2 and increased TCF/LEF-promoter activity. Finally, we report that Gsk3-beta is a direct target of miR-29 in MEF-cells. Together, our findings contribute to the understanding of the molecular mechanisms by which miR-29 influences reprogramming. (C) 2016 Published by Elsevier B.V. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/19545-7 - MiR-29a target two central components of active DNA demethylation, TET1 and TDG: potential mechanism during reprogramming
Grantee:Mariane Serra Fraguas
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate (Direct)
FAPESP's process: 10/02616-0 - Manipulation of inhibitory pathways of pluripotency induction aiming efficiency increase in iPSs generation process
Grantee:Mariane Serra Fraguas
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)