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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Dry Season Constrains Bacterial Phylogenetic Diversity in a Semi-Arid Rhizosphere System

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Author(s):
Taketani, Rodrigo Gouvea ; Lanconi, Milena Duarte ; Kavamura, Vanessa Nessner ; Durrer, Ademir ; Andreote, Fernando Dini ; Melo, Itamar Soares
Total Authors: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: MICROBIAL ECOLOGY; v. 73, n. 1, p. 153-161, JAN 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 20
Abstract

The rhizosphere is viewed as a deterministic environment led by the interaction between plants and microorganisms. In the case of semi-arid plants, this interaction is strengthened by the harshness of the environment. We tested the hypothesis that dry season represents a constraint on the bacterial diversity of the rhizosphere from semi-arid plants. To accomplish this, we sampled two leguminous species at five locations during the dry and rainy seasons in the Caatinga biome and characterised bacterial community structures using qPCR and 16S rRNA sequencing. We found that the main differences between seasons were due to reduced phylogenetic diversity caused by dryness. Variation partitioning indicated that environmental characteristics significant impacts in beta-diversity. Additionally, distance decay relationship and taxa area relationship indicate a higher spatial turnover at the rainy season. During the dry season, decreased bacterial abundance is likely due to the selection of resistant or resilient microorganisms; with the return of the rain, the sensitive populations start to colonise the rhizosphere by a process that is strongly influenced by environmental characteristics. Thus, we propose that the reduction of PD and strong influence of environmental parameters on the assemblage of these communities make them prone to functional losses caused by climatic disturbances. (AU)