Advanced search
Start date
Betweenand
(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

A few sequence polymorphisms among isolates of Maize bushy stunt phytoplasma associate with organ proliferation symptoms of infected maize plants

Full text
Author(s):
Orlovskis, Zigmunds ; Canale, Maria Cristina ; Haryono, Mindia ; Spotti Lopes, Joao Roberto ; Kuo, Chih-Horng ; Hogenhout, Saskia A.
Total Authors: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: ANNALS OF BOTANY; v. 119, n. 5, p. 869-884, MAR 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 15
Abstract

Background and Aims Maize bushy stunt phytoplasma (MBSP) is a bacterial pathogen of maize (Zea mays L.) across Latin America. MBSP belongs to the 16SrI-B sub-group within the genus `Candidatus Phytoplasma'. MBSP and its insect vector Dalbulus maidis (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) are restricted to maize; both are thought to have coevolved with maize during its domestication from a teosinte-like ancestor. MBSP-infected maize plants show a diversity of symptoms. and it is likely that MBSP is under strong selection for increased virulence and insect transmission on maize hybrids that are widely grown in Brazil. In this study it was investigated whether the differences in genome sequences of MBSP isolates from two maize-growing regions in South-east Brazil explain variations in symptom severity of the MBSP isolates on various maize genotypes. Methods MBSP isolates were collected from maize production fields in Guaira and Piracicaba in South-east Brazil for infection assays. One representative isolate was chosen for de novo whole-genome assembly and for the alignment of sequence reads from the genomes of other phytoplasma isolates to detect polymorphisms. Statistical methods were applied to investigate the correlation between variations in disease symptoms of infected maize plants and MBSP sequence polymorphisms. Key Results MBSP isolates contributed consistently to organ proliferation symptoms and maize genotype to leaf necrosis, reddening and yellowing of infected maize plants. The symptom differences are associated with polymorphisms in a phase-variable lipoprotein, which is a candidate effector, and an ATP-dependent lipoprotein ABC export protein, whereas no polymorphisms were observed in other candidate effector genes. Lipoproteins and ABC export proteins activate host defence responses, regulate pathogen attachment to host cells and activate effector secretion systems in other pathogens. Conclusions Polymorphisms in two putative virulence genes among MBSP isolates from maize-growing regions in South-east Brazil are associated with variations in organ proliferation symptoms of MBSP-infected maize plants. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/51867-1 - Maize bushy stunt phytoplasma SMP11 effector protein: genetic comparison between isolates and role in maize bushy stunt phytoplasma symptomatology
Grantee:Maria Cristina Canale Rappussi da Silva
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 12/50217-3 - Dissecting the contributions of effector proteins SAP11 and SMP11 to phytoplasma symptom development in Arabidopsis and Maize
Grantee:Joao Roberto Spotti Lopes
Support type: Regular Research Grants