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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Improving the characterization of the seismic source in Bebedouro, Parana Basin, Brazil: further evidence of seismicity triggered by hydraulic stimulation in water wells

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Dicelis, Gabriel ; Assumpcao, Marcelo ; Prado, Renato Luiz ; Agurto-Detzel, Hans ; Barbosa, Jose Roberto
Total Authors: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: Geophysical Journal International; v. 210, n. 2, p. 594-608, AUG 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 1

We investigate a long series of small earthquakes (magnitude < 3) with annual cycles between 2004 and 2010 that occurred in the northeastern Parana Basin, Brazil. These events were attributed to pore pressure increase in a fractured aquifer caused by the drilling of several water wells down to depths of similar to 200 m. Because of the poor depth constraints of the initial study, we relocated similar to 1000 microtremors recorded by the local seismographic network using a more accurate velocity model. To better relocate the events, we based the velocity model on geophysical survey data obtained using several techniques, including seismic refraction, surface wave dispersion, vertical electrical sounding, high-frequency receiver functions and the time-domain electromagnetic method. The best 1-D model was calibrated using a simultaneous inversion of hypocentres and a velocity model including station corrections. The resulting focal depths, which are mostly between 100 and 175 m, place the events at depths consistent with the confined aquifer within the basaltic pack. This result confirms that the earthquakes are related to geological stress disturbances (pore pressures) in pre-existing fracture zones within the basalt layer caused by the perforation of water wells used for irrigation. We used a combination of cross-correlations and arrival times to analyse a cluster of 19 earthquakes. The improved hypocentre distribution of this cluster allowed the determination of a clear fault-plane solution, which indicates a normal fault striking WNW-ESE and dipping to the north, with an NNE-SSW extension (T-axis). This mechanism complements stress data collected in southeastern Brazil and is consistent with the regional stress regime. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 07/04325-0 - Water-well induced earthquakes in Bebedouro, SP: evolution of the seismicity and structural causes
Grantee:Marcelo Sousa de Assumpção
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 14/09455-3 - Induced earthquakes in Bebedouro, SE Brazil: seismicity, velocity structure and focal mechanisms
Grantee:Hans Alex Agurto Detzel
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate