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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Quercetin decreases the activity of matrix metalloproteinase-2 and ameliorates vascular remodeling in renovascular hypertension

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Pereira, Sherliane C. [1] ; Parente, Juliana M. [1] ; Belo, Vanessa A. [1] ; Mendes, Atlante S. [1] ; Gonzaga, Natalia A. [1, 2] ; do Vale, Gabriel T. [1, 2] ; Ceron, Carla S. [1, 3] ; Tanus-Santos, Jose Eduardo [1] ; Tirapelli, Carlos R. [1, 2] ; Castro, Michele M. [1]
Total Authors: 10
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Dept Pharmacol, Av Bandeirantes 3900, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Coll Nursing Ribeirao Preto, DEPCH, Pharmacol Lab, Av Bandeirantes 3900, BR-14040902 Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Alfenas, Fac Pharmaceut Sci, Gabriel Monteiro da Silva 700, BR-37130001 Alfenas, MG - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: ATHEROSCLEROSIS; v. 270, p. 146-153, MAR 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 9

Background and aims: Increased activity of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 is observed in aortas of different models of hypertension, and its activation is directly mediated by oxidative stress. As quercetin is an important flavonoid with significant antioxidant effects, the hypothesis here is that quercetin will reduce increased MMP-2 activity by decreasing oxidative stress in aortas of hypertensive rats and then ameliorate hypertension-induced vascular remodeling. Methods: Male two-kidney one-clip (2K1C) hypertensive Wistar rats and controls were treated with quercetin (10 mg/kg/day) or its vehicle for three weeks by gavage. Rats were then analyzed at five weeks of hypertension. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) was determined by tail-cuff plethysmography. Aortas were used to determine MMP activity by in situ zymography and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels by dihydroethidium. Western blot was performed to detect focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and phosphorylated-FAK levels. Results: SBP was increased in 2K1C rats and only a borderline reduction in SBP was observed after treating 2K1C rats with quercetin. Cross-sectional area and the number of vascular smooth muscle cells were significantly increased in aortas of hypertensive rats, and quercetin reduced them. Quercetin reduced ROS levels in aortas of 2K1C rats and the increased activity of gelatinases in situ. However, quercetin did not affect the levels of tissue inhibitor of MMP (TIMP)-2 and did not interfere with FAK and p-FAK levels in aortas of hypertensive rats. Furthermore, different concentrations of quercetin did not directly reduce the activity of human recombinant MMP-2 in vitro. Conclusions: Quercetin reduces hypertension-induced vascular remodeling, oxidative stress and MMP-2 activity in aortas. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/11412-0 - Intracellular effect of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 in hypertension-mediated cardiovascular dysfunction
Grantee:Michele Mazzaron de Castro
Support type: Regular Research Grants