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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Bleaching in reef invertebrate larvae associated with Symbiodinium strains within clades A-F

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Mies, M. [1] ; Guth, A. Z. [1] ; Castro, C. B. [2, 3] ; Pires, D. O. [2, 3] ; Calderon, E. N. [3, 4] ; Pompeu, M. [1] ; Sumida, P. Y. G. [1]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Univ Sao Paulo IO USP, Oceanog Inst, Praca Oceanog, 191 Cidade Univ, BR-05508120 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Rio de Janeiro, Museu Nacl, Quinta Boa Vista S-N, BR-20940040 Rio De Janeiro, RJ - Brazil
[3] Inst Coral Vivo, Rua Coqueiros 87, BR-45807000 Santa Cruz Cabralia, BA - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Rio de Janeiro, Nucleo Ecol Desenvolvimento Socioambiental Macae, Av Sao Jose Barreto 764, BR-27965045 Macae, RJ - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: Marine Biology; v. 165, n. 1 JAN 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 3

Coral reefs are diverse ecosystems relying on the presence of dinoflagellates (genus Symbiodinium), that are found in symbiotic association with multiple phyla and performing the majority of primary production. However, coral reefs are currently threatened by climate change and the increase in seawater temperature, which causes the bleaching phenomenon. While bleaching has been well documented for adult host organisms, it is still poorly understood in larval stages. We offered Symbiodinium types within clades A-F to the larvae of Mussismilia hispida (scleractinian coral), Berghia stephanieae (nudibranch) and Tridacna crocea (giant clam) and manipulated the temperature to 26, 29 or 32 degrees C. Samples were taken at 0, 12, 24, 48 and 72 h posttemperature increase, chlorophyll-a (chl-a) was extracted and its content measured in a fluorometer. Symbiodinium type, temperature and time all influenced chl-a content. M. hispida larvae displayed a bleaching threshold at 29 degrees C; larvae containing Symbiodinium A-F all bleached at 32 degrees C, but with significantly lower bleaching in larvae associated with type A1. B. stephanieae digested the symbionts; while chl-a content decreased over time equally for all clades, it is not possible to determine if it is related to bleaching. T. crocea larvae at 29 degrees C bleached for all symbiont types, except for A1. At 32 degrees C, all types were bleached, but type A1 bleached significantly less. These findings show that type A1 seems to be more thermo-tolerant in larvae of the tested species. This may be related to the fact that strains within this clade are homologous to both M. hispida and T. crocea, as they are found within these adult host' tissues. Therefore, symbiont type may have an important role in invertebrate larvae development and present relevant implications for recruitment. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/20350-8 - Acidification effects on the benthic metabolism and trophodynamics
Grantee:Paulo Yukio Gomes Sumida
Support Opportunities: Research Program on Global Climate Change - Regular Grants