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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Effects of corticopuncture (CP) and low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on the rate of tooth movement and root resorption in rats using micro-CT evaluation

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Suzuki, Selly Sayuri [1] ; Garcez, Aguinaldo Silva [2] ; Reese, Patricia Oblitas [3] ; Suzuki, Hideo [4] ; Ribeiro, Martha Simoes [1] ; Moon, Won [3]
Total Authors: 6
[1] IPEN CNEN SP, Ctr Lasers & Applicat, Inst Nucl & Energet Res, Ave Prof Lineu Prestes, 2242, BR-05508000 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Sao Leopoldo Mand Sch & Dent Inst, Dept Microbiol, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Calif Los Angeles, Sch Dent, Sect Orthodont, Los Angeles, CA 90024 - USA
[4] Sao Leopoldo Mand Sch & Dent Inst, Dept Orthodont, Campinas, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: Lasers in Medical Science; v. 33, n. 4, p. 811-821, MAY 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 6

The aim of this study was to compare the rate of tooth displacement, quantity of root resorption, and alveolar bone changes in five groups: corticopuncture (CP), low-level laser therapy (LLLT), CP combined with LLLT (CP + LLLT), control (C), and negative control (NC). A total of 60 half-maxilla from 30 male Wistar rats (10 weeks old) were divided randomly into five groups: three (CP, LLLT, and CP + LLLT) test groups with different stimulation for accelerated-tooth-movement (ATM), one control (C) group, and one negative control (NC) group with no tooth movement. Nickel-titanium coil springs with 50 g of force were tied from the upper left and right first molars to micro-implants placed behind the maxillary incisors. For the CP and CP + LLLT groups, two perforations in the palate and one mesially to the molars were performed. For the LLLT and CP + LLLT groups, GaAlAs diode laser was applied every other day for 14 days (810 nm, 100 mW, 15 s). The tooth displacements were measured directly from the rat's mouth and indirectly from microcomputer (micro-CT) tomographic images. Bone responses at the tension and compression sites and root resorption were analyzed from micro-CT images. The resulting alveolar bone responses were evaluated by measuring bone mineral density (BMD), bone volume fraction (BV/TV), and trabecular thickness (TbTh). Root resorption crater volumes were measured on both compression and tension sides of mesial and distal buccal roots. The tooth displacement in the CP + LLLT group was the greatest when measured clinically, followed by the CP, LLLT, and control groups (C and NC), respectively (p < 0.05). The tooth movements measured from micro-CT images showed statistically higher displacement in the CP and CP + LLLT groups compared to the LLLT and control groups. The BMD, BV/TV, and TbTh values were lower at the compression side and higher at the tension side for all three test groups compared to the control group. The root resorption crater volume of the distal buccal root was higher in the control group, followed by CP, LLLT, and CP + LLLT, mostly at the compression site. Combining corticopuncture and low-level laser therapy (CP + LLLT) produced more tooth displacement and less root resorption at the compression side. The combined technique also promoted higher alveolar bone formation at the tension side. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/06079-8 - Histological and immunohistochemical evaluation of low-level laser therapy to prevent root resorption during orthodontic tooth movement
Grantee:Aguinaldo Silva Garcez Segundo
Support type: Regular Research Grants