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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Methylene blue photodegradation employing hexagonal prism-shaped niobium oxide as heterogeneous catalyst: Effect of catalyst dosage, dye concentration, and radiation source

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de Moraes, Nicolas Perciani [1] ; Silva, Fernanda Nascimento [1] ; Caetano Pinto da Silva, Maria Lucia [1] ; Bastos Campos, Tiago Moreira [2] ; Thim, Gilmar Patrocinio [2] ; Rodrigues, Liana Alvares [1]
Total Authors: 6
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, EEL, Dept Engn Quim, Estr Municipal Campinho S-N, BR-12602810 Lorena, SP - Brazil
[2] ITA, CTA, Praca Mal Eduardo Gomes 50, BR-12228900 Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Materials Chemistry and Physics; v. 214, p. 95-106, AUG 1 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 10

This paper evaluates the feasibility of using niobium-based catalysts for the photodegradation of organic dyes. The metal oxides were prepared using niobium scraps and chips as precursors. The semiconductors were characterized by diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction, infrared and Raman spectroscopy. The as-prepared anhydrous niobium oxide has a pseudohexagonal structure, whereas the hydrated niobium oxide is an amorphous material. The specific surface area of the hydrated niobium oxide is found to be double the area of its calcined counterpart. The photocatalytic efficiency of the materials was evaluated by methylene blue (MB) decomposition, measured by UV-visible spectroscopy. The effects of catalyst dosage and initial dye concentration were investigated in both the adsorption and photocatalysis processes. Increasing the initial MB concentration leads to increase the amount of adsorbed MB but to decrease the photocatalytic efficiency for all materials. In contrast, both the amount of adsorbed dye and the photocatalytic efficiency increase with increasing the catalyst dosage (0.5-2 g L-1). The highest photodegradation efficiency is achieved using UVC radiation. The specific surface area as well as the amount of acid sites, adsorbed water, and OH surface groups on the catalyst surface demonstrates to be fundamental to the photocatalytic properties of the materials. Furthermore, the photocatalytic mechanism is controlled by superoxide and singlet oxygen species for the hydrated material, whereas the hydroxyl radical is the main active species in the photodegradation employing the anhydrous oxide. The hydrated material achieved a complete degradation of the methylene blue. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/08995-7 - Preparation, modification and catalytic evaluation of Nb2O5-based photocatalysts
Grantee:Liana Alvares Rodrigues
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 16/04244-0 - Preparation, modification and catalytic evaluation of TiO2-based photocatalysts
Grantee:Nicolas Perciani de Moraes
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
FAPESP's process: 16/20920-5 - Heterogeneous photocatalysis applied in the degradation of organic pollutants using a hybrid zinc oxide-carbon xerogel as catalyst
Grantee:Nicolas Perciani de Moraes
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master