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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Cage fish farm act as a source of changes in the fish community of a Neotropical reservoir

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Nobile, Andre Batista [1] ; Zanatta, Augusto Seawright [2] ; Brandao, Heleno [3] ; Zica, E. O. P. [4] ; Lima, F. P. [1] ; Freitas-Souza, Diogo [1] ; Carvalho, Edmir Daniel [1] ; da Silva, Reinaldo Jose [4, 5] ; Ramos, Igor Paiva [6]
Total Authors: 9
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Inst Biociencias, Dept Morfol, Campus Botucatu, Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[2] UENP, Lab Vida Aquat LaVidA, Campus Cornelio Procopio, PR160, KM 0, BR-86300000 Cornelio Procoprio, PR - Brazil
[3] Univ Tecnol Fed Parana, UTFPR, Campus Santa Helena, BR-85892000 Santa Helena, PR - Brazil
[4] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Inst Biociencias, Dept Parasitol, Campus Botucatu, Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[5] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Inst Biociencias, Programa Posgrad Ciencias Biol Zool, Campus Botucatu, Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[6] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Fac Engn Ilha Solteira, Dept Biol & Zootecn, Campus Ilha Solteira, Ilha Solteira, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: Aquaculture; v. 495, p. 780-785, OCT 1 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 2

Brazil has shown an increase in cage fish farms activity in reservoirs. However, this activity shows potential to cause several changes in the environment with consequences in the structure of native fish fauna community. Thus, the hypothesis of this work is that three cage fish farms, located in the different areas of Chavantes reservoir, high Parana basin, have potential to interfere with resident fish communities, modifying their structure. Fish were caught in twelve monthly field samplings around three cage fish farms (FF) (FF1 and FF2 Dec/ 06-Nov/07; FF3 - Mar/08-Feb/09) and their respective reference sites (RF) (RF1, RF2 and RF3), using gillnets with 3 to 14 cm between opposite knots. Our data showed that cage fish farms cause increase in fish abundance and biomass around cages. However, Margalef Richness and Shannon-Wiener diversity decreased in these areas. Spatially, fish community around cage fish farms differed from those observed in the reference sites (Permanova two-way: (F = 12.747; p = 0.001)). However, seasonal differences were not observed (F = 1.3732; p = 0.089). This difference was illustrated by NMDS, that showed the formation of two groups, one composed by fish farms and another by reference sites. These differences were mainly influenced by a small group of fish species (Apareiodon affinis, Steindachnerina insculpta (detritivores) and Pimelodus maculatus (generalist) (Simper analysis)) that are able to consume wastes released. We conclude that the cage fish farm act as a driver of alterations in the fish community, increasing the abundance and biomass of a few species which contributes to decrease Richness and Diversity. (AU)