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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Scapulothoracic kinematic pattern in the shoulder pain and scapular dyskinesis: A principal component analysis approach

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Rossi, Denise Martineli [1] ; Resende, Renan Alves [2] ; da Fonseca, Sergio Teixeira [2] ; de Oliveira, Anamaria Siriani [1]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Dept Hlth Sci, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Sch Phys Educ Phys Therapy & Occupat Therapy, Dept Phys Therapy, Bh - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS; v. 77, p. 138-145, AUG 22 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 1

The relationship between shoulder pain and scapular dyskinesis (SDK) is unclear. Differences between groups with and without SDK have been demonstrated, focusing on the amount of scapular motion at specific degrees of humeral elevation. However, this approach does not consider the temporal information and shape of the scapular motion temporal series. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) may clarify this variability and advance current understanding of `abnormal' movement patterns. This study aimed to evaluate the scapular kinematics in patients with shoulder pain and in asymptomatic participants with and without SDK using PCA. Data were collected in 98 participants separated in four groups: Pain + SDK (n = 24), Pain (n = 25), No Pain + SDK (n = 24), and No Pain (n = 25). Scapulothoracic kinematic data were measured with an electromagnetic tracking device during arm elevation and lowering phases. PCA and analysis of variance were used to compare the groups. The No Pain + SDK group had a progressive increasing in anterior tilt over the elevation phase compared to the Pain (effect size = 0.79) and No Pain (effect size = 0.80) groups. During the arm-lowering, the Pain + SDK group had a progressive increasing in anterior tilt over this phase in comparison to the No Pain + SDK group (effect size = 0.68). Therefore, PCA demonstrated differences in the scapular anterior tilt related to SDK and shoulder pain. The presence of SDK revealed a scapular pattern with progressive increasing in anterior tilt over the elevation phase. However, during the arm-lowering phase, asymptomatic participants with SDK changed their motion pattern, unlike the symptomatic group, reinforcing the suggested association between scapular modifications and shoulder symptoms. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/09485-0 - Scapular dyskinesis study by principal component analysis applied to 3-dimensional kinematics scapulotoracic data
Grantee:Denise Martineli Rossi
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate