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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Tuning Electrochemical Bistability by Surface Area Blocking in the Cathodic Deposition of Copper

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Rospendowiski, Julia [1] ; Pinto, Maria R. [1] ; Hessel, Cristian [2] ; Sitta, Elton [2, 3] ; Nagao, Raphael [1, 3]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Chem, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Chem, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas, Ctr Innovat New Energies, BR-13083841 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: ACS OMEGA; v. 3, n. 10, p. 13636-13646, OCT 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 1

We report herein a precise control of the electrochemical bistability induced by surface area changes during the cathodic deposition of copper. Small additions of 1,10-phenanthroline (Phen) in the reaction media present an inhibiting effect on the global rate mainly due to the adsorption of protonated Phen. The increase of its concentration favors a shrinkage of the bifurcation (saddle-node) diagram and shifts it to less negative potentials. The dynamic instability is verified by impedance measurements, and a negative impedance is clearly found. We calculated the apparent molar mass of the adsorbents using in situ gravimetric monitoring in the electrochemical experiments, and the results indicate that mass changes occur mainly due to the reduction of copper from bivalent ions dissolved in the reaction media. Importantly, the adsorption of protonated Phen molecules does not show a considerable contribution in mass variations but prevents the formation of a copper course grained morphology over the surface. Imaging analysis indicates finer nodulations at the lower branch compared to the upper branch in the bistability domain. On the basis of these observations, a kinetic mechanism is proposed and a good agreement is obtained between the apparent molar mass extracted from experiments and the theoretical values. Altogether, our results contribute to a detailed physical chemical description of the nonlinear behavior, bringing new insights about this reaction and pointing out the possibility to design switchable surface electrodes by taking advantage of the bistable behavior. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/01817-9 - Design and control of self-organized electrochemical patterns
Grantee:Raphael Nagao de Sousa
Support type: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/07296-2 - CDMF - Center for the Development of Functional Materials
Grantee:Elson Longo da Silva
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC
FAPESP's process: 16/22262-5 - Design and control of self-organized electrochemical patterns
Grantee:Raphael Nagao de Sousa
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Young Researchers
FAPESP's process: 17/05592-4 - Spatial-temporal resolution of surface metallic oxides on electrochemical oscillators
Grantee:Maria Rodrigues Pinto
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master