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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Urbanization as a driver for temporal wing-shape variation in Anopheles cruzii (Diptera: Culicidae)

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Multini, Laura Cristina [1] ; Bruno Wilke, Andre Barretto [2] ; Marrelli, Mauro Toledo [1]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol, Av Dr Arnaldo 715, BR-01246904 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Miami, Miller Sch Med, Dept Publ Hlth Sci, 1120 Northwest 14th St, Miami, FL 33136 - USA
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Acta Tropica; v. 190, p. 30-36, FEB 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 5

Anopheles cruzii is the main vector of human and simian malaria in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. This biome, which is an important hotspot of malaria transmission, has suffered fragmentation and deforestation as a result of urban expansion. Fragmentation and deforestation occur continually in the south of the city of Sao Paulo, Brazil, and findings of An. cruzii in the peridomicile have consequently become more frequent in this part of the city. Although An. cruzii is of considerable epidemiological importance, the impact of urbanization on the microevolution of this species in this malaria-endemic region has not been investigated to date. In this study, we investigated temporal variation in wing shape and size in An. crush populations collected in sylvatic, peri-urban and urban areas over a three-year period. Our results show a slight but significant phenotypic variation in all three populations over the study period. Time was a more powerful driver for wing variation than geographic distance. Temporal wing-shape variation appears to be positively associated with urbanization, suggesting that anthropogenic changes in the environment may be a strong driver for wing-shape variation in An. cruzii. Further studies using genetic markers are needed to assess genetic differentiation in these populations. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/10919-4 - Epidemiologic aspects of human and simian malaria in areas of Atlantic Forest in the vicinity of the City of São Paulo: study the Anopheles fauna and natural infection by Plasmodium sp. in Parelheiros and Serra da Cantareira
Grantee:Ana Maria Ribeiro de Castro Duarte
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 15/23386-7 - Microevolution studies in Anopheles cruzii (Diptera: Culicidae), using wing geometric morphometric and microsatellite loci
Grantee:Laura Cristina Multini
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 14/50444-5 - Biodiversity of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in the Parque Estadual da Cantareira, and in the Environmental Protection Area Capivari-Monos, State of São Paulo
Grantee:Mauro Toledo Marrelli
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Regular Research Grants