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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Karyotype structure and NOR activity in Brazilian Smilax Linnaeus, 1753 species (Smilacaceae)

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Pizzaia, Daniel [1] ; Oliveira-Maekawa, Vanessa M. [2] ; Martins, Aline R. [3] ; Mondin, Mateus [1] ; Aguiar-Perecin, Margarida L. R. [1]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, ESALQ, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr, Dept Genet, Ave Padua Dias 11, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Dept Plant Biol, UNICAMB, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, ESALQ, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr, Dept Biol Sci, Ave Padua Dias 11, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: COMPARATIVE CYTOGENETICS; v. 13, n. 3, p. 245-263, AUG 22 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0

The genus Smilax Linnaeus, 1753 (Smilacaceae) is a large genus of dioecious plants distributed in tropical, subtropical and temperate regions. Some Smilax species have medicinal importance and their identification is important for the control of raw material used in the manufacture of phytotherapeutical products. The karyotypes of seven Brazilian Smilax species were investigated. Mitotic metaphases of roots from young plants were analysed in Feulgen-stained preparations. The karyotypes were asymmetric and modal with 2n = 2x = 32 chromosomes gradually decreasing in size. In S. goyazana A De Candolle \& C De Candolle, 1878, a polyploid species, 2n = 4x = 64. In all the species, the large and medium-sized chromosomes were subtelocentric and submetacentric and the small chromosomes were submetacentric or metacentric. Their karyotypes were quite similar, with differences in the arm ratio of some chromosomes. S. fluminensis Steudel, 1841 differed from the other species by having a large metacentric chromosome 1. These findings suggest that evolution occurred without drastic changes in the chromosomal structure in the species analyzed. Terminal secondary constrictions were visualized on the short arm of some chromosomes, but they were detected only in one homologue of each pair. Due to the terminal location and the degree of chromosome condensation, secondary constrictions were not visualized in some species. The nucleolus organizer regions (NORs) were mapped by silver-staining and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) in S. rufescens Grisebach, 1842 and S. fluminensis. Silver-staining and FISH signals were colocalized on the short arms of six chromosomes in S. rufescens and four chromosomes in S. fluminensis. In FISH preparations, one of the largest chromosomes had the secondary constrictions highly decondensed in some cells. This finding and the heteromorphism observed in Feulgen-stained chromosomes suggest that differential rRNA gene expression between homologous rDNA loci can occur in some cells, resulting in different degrees of ribosomal chromatin decondensation. The presence of a heteromorphic chromosome pair in S. rufescens, S. polyantha Grisebach, 1842 and S. goyazana suggests a chromosomal sex determination in these dioecious species. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 05/58964-9 - Morphoanatomy of the vegetative organs and chemical profile of species of the Smilax L. (Smilacaceae) genus
Grantee:Beatriz Appezzato da Glória
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Regular Research Grants