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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

An emerging class of air pollutants: Potential effects of microplastics to respiratory human health?

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Amato-Lourenco, Luis Fernando [1, 2] ; Galvao, Luciana dos Santos [3] ; de Weger, Letty A. [4] ; Hiemstra, Pieter S. [4] ; Vijver, Martina G. [5] ; Mauad, Thais [1, 2]
Total Authors: 6
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Pathol, Fac Med, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Adv Studies IFA, Global Cities Program, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Inst Technol Res IPT, Chem Anal Lab, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Leiden Univ Med Ctr, Dept Pulmonol, Leiden - Netherlands
[5] Leiden Univ, Inst Environm Sci, Leiden - Netherlands
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Review article
Source: Science of The Total Environment; v. 749, DEC 20 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0

It is increasingly recognized that the ubiquity of convenient single-use plastic has resulted in a global plastic pollution challenge, with substantial environmental and health consequences. Physical, chemical, and biological processes result in plastic weathering, with eventual formation of debris in the micro to nano size range. There is an increasing awareness that plastic fragments are dispersed in the air and can be inhaled by humans, which may cause adverse effects on the respiratory system and on other systems. Urban environments are often characterized by high concentrations of fine airborne dust from various sources. To date, however, there is limited information on the distribution, shape, and size of microplastics in the air in urban and other environments. In this article, we review and discuss our current understanding of the exposure characteristics of airborne plastic debris in urbanized areas, focusing on concentration, size, morphology, presence of additives and distributions of different polymers. The natural and extend data are compiled and compared to laboratory-based analyses to further our understanding of the potential adverse effects of inhaled plastic particles on human health. (C) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 19/02898-0 - Airborne microplastics: detection in environmental air samples, lung tissue and effects on cultured lung epithelial cells
Grantee:Thais Mauad
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 19/03397-5 - Identification and physical-chemical characterization of environmental microplastics in the atmosphere and in human lung tissues
Grantee:Luís Fernando Amato Lourenço
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate