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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Modelling and control strategies for a motorized wheelchair with hybrid locomotion systems

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Author(s):
Jorge, A. A. [1] ; Riascos, L. A. M. [2] ; Miyagi, P. E. [1]
Total Authors: 3
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Mechatron & Mech Syst Engn, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Fed Univ ABC, Dept Automat & Robot, Santo Andre, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Review article
Source: Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering; v. 43, n. 1 JAN 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Several kinematic and dynamic models of conventional motorized wheelchairs in the literature presume the wheelchair movement only on flat surfaces, disregarding the effects of gravitational forces and rolling friction. In addition, there are no many studies clearly describing how the dynamic properties of a conventional wheelchair and stair-climbing wheelchair with a track mechanism are formulated. However, the design of a good controller generally involves the formulation of a comprehensive wheelchair model. This work contributes to the modelling of the motorized wheelchair with hybrid locomotion systems (MWHLSs), which have wheel and track mechanisms to move the wheelchair, regarding the formulation of kinematic and dynamic models for each locomotion system, considering the effects of gravitational forces and rolling friction, on flat and inclined surfaces and climbing stairs. From the mathematical model for each locomotion system, the gearmotor torque control is used, since the torque provides smooth and precise driving. Thus, the open-loop and closed-loop control techniques, such as control Lyapunov function, Backstepping control, and Proportional-Integral-Derivative controller, are designed due to their well-known characteristics. The robustness analysis of these controllers, taking into account the occurrence of external disturbances, indicates which one best assists wheelchair users, providing a safer and more efficient navigation with the MWHLS. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/04915-0 - Design and construction of more accessible wheelchairs
Grantee:Luis Alberto Martinez Riascos
Support type: Regular Research Grants