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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Colonization history meets further niche processes: how the identity of founders modulates the way predation structure fouling communities

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Vieira, Edson A. [1, 2] ; Flores, V, Augusto A. ; Dias, Gustavo M. [3]
Total Authors: 3
[1] V, Univ Estadual Campinas UNICAMP, Inst Biol, Programa Posgrad Ecol, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Rio Grande Norte UFRN, Ctr Biociencias, Dept Oceanog & Limnol, BR-59014002 Natal, RN - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed ABC UFABC, Ctr Ciencias Nat & Humanas, BR-09606070 Sao Bernardo Do Campo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Oecologia; v. 196, n. 4 JUL 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Community assembly relies on deterministic niche-based processes (e.g., biotic interactions), and stochastic sources of unpredictable variation (e.g., colonization history), that combined will influence late-stage community structure. When community founders present distinct functional traits and a colonization-competition trade-off is not operating, initial colonization can result in late-stage assemblages of variable diversity and composed by different species sets, depending if early colonizers facilitate or inhibit subsequent colonization and survival. By experimentally manipulating the functional identity of founders and predators access during the development of fouling communities, we tested how founder traits constrain colonization history, species interactions and thereby regulate community diversity. We used as founders functionally different fouling organisms (colonial and solitary ascidians, and arborescent and flat-encrusting bryozoans) to build experimental communities that were exposed or protected against predation using a caging approach. Ascidians and bryozoans are pioneer colonizers in benthic communities and also good competitors, but the soft-body of ascidians makes them more susceptible to predators than mineralized bryozoans. When ascidians were founders, their dominance (but not richness) was reduced by predation, resulting in no effects of predators on overall diversity. Conversely, when bryozoans were founders, both space limitation and predator effects resulted in species-poor communities, with reduced number and cover of ascidian species and high overall dominance at the end of the experiment. We, thus, highlight that current species interactions and colonization contingencies related to founder identity should not be viewed as isolated drivers of community organization, but rather as strongly interacting processes underlying species distribution patterns and diversity. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/17647-5 - Consequences of the modifications caused by recreational marinas on coastal environments for marine sessile organisms
Grantee:Gustavo Muniz Dias
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 19/15628-1 - Effect of light pollution, habitat complexity and proximity to coastal infrastructures on the dynamics and diversity of marine benthic communities
Grantee:Gustavo Muniz Dias
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 12/18432-1 - Effect of the early colonization on the development and structure of subtidal marine incrusting communities
Grantee:Edson Aparecido Vieira Filho
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate