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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Combined impacts of climate and land use change and the future restructuring of Neotropical bat biodiversity

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Goncalves, Fernando [1, 2] ; Sales, Lilian P. [3, 4] ; Galetti, Mauro [5, 2] ; Pires, Mathias M. [3]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Cambridge, Dept Zool, Conservat Sci Grp, Cambridge - England
[2] Univ Estadual Paulista UNESP, Inst Biociencias, Dept Biodiversidade, Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas UNICAMP, Inst Biol, Dept Biol Anim, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Concordia Univ, Fac Arts & Sci, Dept Biol, Montreal, PQ - Canada
[5] Univ Miami, Dept Biol, Coral Gables, FL 33124 - USA
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: PERSPECTIVES IN ECOLOGY AND CONSERVATION; v. 19, n. 4, p. 454-463, OCT-DEC 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Forecasting the effects of global change on biodiversity is necessary to anticipate the threats operating at different scales in space and time. Climate change may create unsuitable environmental conditions, forcing species to move to persist. However, land-use changes create barriers that limit the access of some species to future available habitats. Here, we project the impacts of climate and land-use change on 228 Neotropical bat species by forecasting changes in environmental suitability, while accounting for the effect of habitat type specialization and simulating dispersal across suitable patches. We also identify the most vulnerable ecoregions and those that may offer future stable refugia. We further investigate potential functional changes by analysing the response of different trophic guilds. We found that the range contraction of habitat specialists, especially frugivores, was more frequent and stronger under all simulated scenarios. Projected changes differ markedly across ecoregions. While the Amazon region is likely to undergo high turnover rates in bat composition, the Andean grassland, Cerrado and Chaco might experience the greatest losses. The expansion of habitat generalists, which forage in open areas and commonly establish large colonies in manmade structures, coupled with the range contraction of habitat specialists is projected to homogenize bat communities across the Neotropics. Overall, dispersal will likely be the key for the future of Neotropical bat diversity. Therefore, safeguarding the refugia highlighted here, by expanding and connecting the existing network of protected areas, for example, may allow species to move in response to global change. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/24252-0 - Anthropogenic predictors of biodiversity response to forest fragmentation in the Atlantic forest
Grantee:Fernando Henrique Martin Gonçalves
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 19/25478-7 - Consequences of defaunation for plant diversity and ecosystem services in the Amazon Forest
Grantee:Mathias Mistretta Pires
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 19/00648-7 - Extinction-driven changes on mammalian communities in the Atlantic Forest hotspots
Grantee:Fernando Henrique Martin Gonçalves
Support Opportunities: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor