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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Head-to-head comparison between 68Ga-PSMA and 18F-FDG-PET/CT in lymphomas: a preliminary analysis

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de Souza, Stephan Pinheiro Macedo [1] ; Tobar, Natalia [1] ; Frasson, Fernanda [1] ; Perini, Efrain Araujo [2] ; de Souza, Carmino A. [3] ; Delamain, Marcia T. [3] ; Ramos, Celso Dario [1]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Fac Med Sci, Dept Radiol, Div Nucl Med, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Nucl & Energy Res Inst IPEN, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Dept Internal Med, Div Hematol, Fac Med Sci, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: NUCLEAR MEDICINE COMMUNICATIONS; v. 42, n. 12, p. 1355-1360, DEC 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Purpose Isolated case reports mention the uptake of radiolabeled PSMA in lymphoma. However, it is not clear if the intensity of 68Ga-PSMA expression varies among different histological subtypes or if it correlates with 18F-FDG uptake. This study compared both tracers in patients with diverse lymphoma subtypes. Methods Ten patients with biopsy-proven-lymphoma underwent 18F-FDG and 68Ga-PSMA-PET/CT (maximum time interval: 6 days). Lymphoma subtypes included Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL, three patients) and aggressive and indolent non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL, seven patients). The intensity of PSMA uptake was classified visually as low, intermediate, or high, using blood pool, liver and parotid gland uptake as references. Maximum standardized-uptake value (SUVmax) of each affected site was measured in both sets of images. Results FDG detected 59/59 involved sites in 10 patients and PSMA 47/59 sites in nine patients. PSMA uptake was generally low, regardless of the intensity of FDG uptake, but it was classified as intermediate in two patients. The median SUVmax varied from 2.0 (2.0-8.2) to 30.9 for FDG and from 1.7 (1.7-1.7) to 4.4 for PSMA, P < 0.0001. The primary lesion of one patient had a marked intralesional mismatch uptake pattern of the tracers, with areas of higher PSMA expression than FDG uptake, and vice-versa. A brain lesion was more easily identified with PSMA than with FDG images. Conclusion HL and several NHL subtypes may present PSMA uptake. The intensity of PSMA expression is generally lower than that of FDG uptake and seems to present less variation among the different histological subtypes of lymphomas. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/00654-4 - Comparison between Neovascularization and Cellular Hypermetabolism in Multiple Myeloma Using 68Ga-PSMA and 18F-FDG PET/CT Imaging - A Pilot Study
Grantee:Celso Darío Ramos
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 09/54065-0 - Acquisition of a PET/CT for the quantification of metabolic activity in living tissue
Grantee:Carmino Antonio de Souza
Support Opportunities: Multi-user Equipment Program