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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Andrographis paniculata Formulations: Impact on Diterpene Lactone Oral Bioavailability

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Loureiro Damasceno, Joao Paulo [1] ; da Rosa, Hemerson Silva [1] ; de Araujo, Luciana Silva [1] ; Jacometti Cardoso Furtado, Niege Aracari [1]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Pharmaceut Sci Ribeirao Preto, Dept Pharmaceut Sci, Av Cafe S-N, BR-14040903 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Review article
Web of Science Citations: 0

Diterpene lactones have been identified as active compounds in several medicinal plants, including Andrographis paniculata (Burm. f.) Nees, which is a medicinal plant that has been used for centuries across the world. Andrographolide is the major diterpene from A. paniculata and the main bioactive constituent of this species. The effectiveness of diterpenes can be affected by factors that limit their oral bioavailability, such as their poor water solubility, slow dissolution rates, low gastrointestinal absorption, high chemical and metabolic instability, and rapid excretion. In this context, the purpose of the present review is to compile and compare literature data on the bioavailability of diterpene lactones from A. paniculata after oral administration in medicinal plant extracts or in their free forms and to highlight strategies that have been used to improve their oral bioavailability. Considering that medicinal plant extracts are commonly used as dried powder that is reconstituted in water before oral administration, novel pharmaceutical formulation strategies that are used to overcome difficulties with diterpene solubility are also compiled in this review. The use of self-microemulsifying drug delivery systems is a good strategy to enhance the dissolution and consequently the bioavailability of andrographolide after oral administration of A. paniculata extract formulations. On the other hand, herbosome technology, pH-sensitive nanoparticles, nanosuspensions, nanoemulsions, nanocrystal suspensions, nanocrystal-based solid dispersions, and solid dispersion systems are useful to formulate andrographolide in its free form and increase its oral bioavailability. The use of a suitable andrographolide delivery system is essential to achieve its therapeutic potential. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/25201-7 - In vitro studies of bioaccessibility, intestinal transportation and biotransformation of ent-hardwickiic and ent-polyalthic acids from Copaifera pubiflora and Copaifera duckei oil resins
Grantee:Niege Araçari Jacometti Cardoso Furtado
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/16012-9 - Bioaccessibility, absorption and intestinal metabolism studies of the biomarkers ent-polyaltic and ent-hardwickiic acids from Copaifera duckei and Copaifera pubiflora oleoresins
Grantee:João Paulo Loureiro Damasceno
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate