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A Comparison of Frequency-Dependent Soil Models: Electromagnetic Transient Analysis of Overhead Transmission Lines Using Modal Decomposition

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Pascoalato, Taina Fernanda Garbelim ; de Araujo, Anderson Ricardo Justo ; Leon Colqui, Jaimis Sajid ; Kurokawa, Sergio ; Pissolato Filho, Jose
Total Authors: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: ENERGIES; v. 15, n. 5, p. 31-pg., 2022-03-01.

This article investigates the influence of four causal frequency-dependent (FD) soil models and their impact on the responses of a multiphase overhead transmission line (OHTL) with ground wires, generated by a lightning strike. The FD models proposed by Longmire-Smith (LS), Messier (M), Portela (P) and Alipio-Visacro (AV) are considered. The ground-return impedance and admittance matrices are computed with the Nagakawa approach for both frequency-constant and FD soil models. The frequency-domain modal voltages and time-domain transient voltages are assessed in this work. Modal decomposition technique is used to study the attenuation constant, propagation velocity and voltages for each propagation mode. Simulations are carried out in a frequency range of 100 Hz to 10 MHz, for OHTLs with lengths of 1 and 10 km, on soils of 700 and 4000 omega & BULL;m. Simulation results demonstrated that the Portela (P) model has resulted in more significant variation in the ground-return impedance and admittance, constant attenuation and propagation velocity in which a pronounced variation, especially at the high frequencies, is seen. On the other hand, Longmire-Smith (LS) and Messier (M) have produced similar results in both frequency and time domains. Additionally, the Alipio-Visacro (AV) model has produced intermediate responses, being the model recommended by CIGRE WG C4.33. Time-domain induced voltage waveforms obtained with the Portela (P) model has shown pronounced differences, especially at the peak values, for the high-resistive soil. This study demonstrates the importance of considering the FD soil models to assess the transient responses adequately, especially when OHTLs are on high-resistive soils. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 21/06157-5 - Statistical study of overvoltages due to maneuvers in the EAT transmission lines considering the freqency dependence of the electrical parameters of the soil
Grantee:Jaimis Sajid Leon Colqui
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral
FAPESP's process: 20/10141-4 - Influence of the soil electromagnetic characteristics in the transient responses in electric transmission lines
Grantee:Tainá Fernanda Garbelim Pascoalato
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 19/01396-1 - Modelling conventional and tall transmission towers directly in time domain for electromagnetic transient analysis
Grantee:Anderson Ricardo Justo de Araújo
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral