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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Biogeographic Distribution Patterns of South American Amphibians: A Regionalization Based on Cluster Analysis

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Vasconcelos, Tiago da Silveira [1] ; Angel Rodriguez, Miguel [2] ; Hawkins, Bradford Alan [1]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Univ Calif Irvine, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, Irvine, CA 92697 - USA
[2] Univ Alcala de Henares, Dept Ecol, Alcala De Henares - Spain
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: NATUREZA & CONSERVAÇÃO; v. 9, n. 1, p. 67-72, JUL 2011.
Web of Science Citations: 7

We devise a regionalization system based on the geographical distribution of 2,265 amphibian species in South America. We used range maps of amphibians to obtain a presence/absence data grid resolved to 9310 km(2). Biogeographical regions were generated by submitting the dataset to k-means clustering combined with v-fold cross-validation. The boundaries of the three clusters generated by multiple runs of the analysis are congruent with broadly defined biome structure in South America: 1) the Andes, the Atacama desert, Patagonia, and subtropics including grassland in southern Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay; 2) Amazon forest; 3) Atlantic forest and the Cerrado-Caatinga-Chaco complex. A few runs further distinguished Atlantic forest and Caatinga biome from other drier, more open biomes. The variable most strongly associated with the distribution of clusters was species richness, but climate also had moderately strong explanatory power. The regionalization scheme based on clustering is less finely resolved than previous schemes generated by expert opinion and rates of endemism but provides a general overview of the biogeographic signal contained in the current distribution patterns of amphibian species. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/17195-3 - Climatic variables and altitude as predictors for number of reproductive modes and anuran species richness in the Atlantic Forest and cerrado Brazilian biomes
Grantee:Tiago da Silveira Vasconcelos
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research