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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Efficiency of hydrogels based on natural polysaccharides in the removal of Cd2+ ions from aqueous solutions

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Author(s):
Paulino, Alexandre Tadeu [1, 2] ; Belfiore, Laurence Alphonse [2] ; Kubota, Lauro Tatsuo [3] ; Muniz, Edvani Curti [4] ; Tambourgi, Elias Basile [1]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Sch Chem Engn, Dept Chem Syst Engn, Separat Proc Lab, BR-13083852 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Colorado State Univ, Dept Chem & Biol Engn, Polymer Phys & Engn Lab, Ft Collins, CO 80523 - USA
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Chem, Dept Analyt Chem, Lab Electrochem Electroanalyt & Dev Sensors, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Estadual Maringa, Dept Chem, Polymer Mat & Composite Lab, BR-87050900 Maringa, Parana - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: CHEMICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL; v. 168, n. 1, p. 68-76, MAR 15 2011.
Web of Science Citations: 43
Abstract

Hydrogels based on chitosan, maltodextrin and gum arabic with and without magnetite nanoparticles were employed as adsorbents for removing Cd(2+) from aqueous solutions. Adsorption kinetics employing the Fickian equation inferred that the diffusion mechanism of water into hydrogels may be conducted by both the diffusion process and macromolecular structure relaxation and may be affected by the presence of magnetite nanoparticles. This effect is related to the increase in reticulation points in the hydrogel network. The following were best parameters for removing Cd(2+) from aqueous solutions: pH range from 4.5 to 5.5; initial metal concentration of 200 mg L(-1); and dried hydrogel mass of 100 mg. Using non-linearized isotherms described by Langmuir, Freundlich and Redlich-Peterson, it was inferred that there may be a variation in the physiochemical phenomena involving Cd(2+) adsorption and the results fit better to the Langmuir or Redlich-Peterson models than the Freundlich model. The present study confirms that magnetic hydrogels and Cd(2+) may be recovered after the application of an external magnetic field, unlike hydrogels without magnetic properties, which are generally recovered through the use of a chemical solvent, such as HCl or HNO(3). (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/00285-7 - Synthesis of magnetic hydrogels based on polysaccharides for wastewater and water treatment application
Grantee:Alexandre Tadeu Paulino
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate