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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Temporal Diversity Patterns and Phenology in Fruit-feeding Butterflies in the Atlantic Forest

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Author(s):
Ribeiro, Danilo Bandini [1, 2] ; Prado, Paulo I. [3] ; Brown, Jr., Keith S. [1] ; Freitas, Andre V. L. [1]
Total Authors: 4
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Dept Biol Anim, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Grad Program Ecol, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Ecol, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Biotropica; v. 42, n. 6, p. 710-716, NOV 2010.
Web of Science Citations: 28
Abstract

The Atlantic Forest deserves special attention due to its high level of species endemism and degree of threat. As in other tropical biomes, there is little information about the ecology of the organisms that occur there. The objectives of this study were to verify how fruit-feeding butterflies are distributed through time, and the relation with meteorological conditions. Species richness and Shannon index were partitioned additively at the monthly level, and beta diversity, used as a hierarchical measure of temporal species turnover, was calculated among months, trimesters, and semesters. Circular analysis was used to verify how butterflies are distributed along seasons and its relation with meteorological conditions. We sampled 6488 individuals of 73 species. Temporal diversity of butterflies was more grouped than expected by chance among the months of each trimester. Circular analyses revealed that diversity is concentrated in hot months (September-March), with the subfamily Brassolinae strongly concentrated in February-March. Average temperature was correlated with total abundance of butterflies, abundance of Biblidinae, Brassolinae and Morphinae, and richness of Satyrinae. The present results show that 3mo of sampling between September and March is enough to produce a nonbiased sample of the local assemblage of butterflies, containing at least 70 percent of the richness and 25 percent of abundance. The influence of temperature on sampling is probably related to butterfly physiology. Moreover, temperature affects resource availability for larvae and adults, which is higher in hot months. The difference in seasonality patterns among subfamilies is probably a consequence of different evolutionary pressures through time. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 98/05101-8 - Lepidoptera of the State of São Paulo: diversity, distribution, resources, and use for analysis and environmental monitoring
Grantee:Keith Spalding Brown Junior
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 00/01484-1 - Butterfilies as environmental indicators: monitoring with Nymphalidae (Eurytelinae and Satyrinae)
Grantee:André Victor Lucci Freitas
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 03/11697-0 - Effects of anthropic activity and forest fragmentation on the lepidoptera guild
Grantee:Danilo Bandini Ribeiro
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 02/08558-6 - Biodiversity and social processes in São Luiz do Paraitinga, São Paulo
Grantee:Paulo Inácio de Knegt López de Prado
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Regular Research Grants