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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Postural reactions following forward platform perturbation in young, middle-age, and old adults

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de Freitas, Paulo B. [1] ; Knight, Christopher A. [2] ; Barela, Jose A. [1]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Univ Cruzeiro Sul, ICAFE, BR-01506000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Delaware, Dept Hlth Nutr & Exercise Sci, Newark, DE - USA
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF ELECTROMYOGRAPHY AND KINESIOLOGY; v. 20, n. 4, p. 693-700, AUG 2010.
Web of Science Citations: 14

The aim of the study was to examine how individuals of different ages react to forward balance perturbations. Thirty-six volunteers, divided into four groups {[}young (YA), middle-age (MA(40) and MA(50)), and old (OA) adults], stood on a platform that was either kept stationary, moved backward, or moved forward. EMG onset, EMG time-to-peak, iEMG, and agonist-antagonist co-activation, as well as cumulative angular excursion, maximum center of mass (CM) backward displacement, and CM time-to-reversal were assessed after forward translations. Postural synergies were assessed using principal component analysis (PCA). The results showed that OA activated their muscles later than YA {[}TA = 25 ms, RF = 17 ms] and OA and MA50 reached the peak of activation later than YA {[}MA(50): TA = 23 ms, RF = 32 ms, OA: TA = 28 ms, RF = 21 ms]. Moreover, OA kept a higher level of activation longer than all younger groups. No differences among groups were observed in co-activation, kinematic, and PCA variables. We conclude that changes in temporal EMG patterns can be seen in the fifth decade. However, such changes have no effect on the CM horizontal displacement and CM time-to-reversal after perturbation, which cannot be justified by the use of different postural synergies, suggesting that temporal aspects of muscle activation could play a minor role in controlling excessive CM displacements after perturbations. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)