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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Impact of complex NOTCH1 mutations on survival in paediatric T-cell leukaemia

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Mansur, Marcela Braga [1] ; Hassan, Rocio [2] ; Barbosa, Thayana C. [1] ; Splendore, Alessandra [3] ; Jotta, Patricia Y. [4] ; Yunes, Jose Andres [4] ; Wiemels, Joseph L. [5] ; Pombo-de-Oliveira, Maria S. [1, 6]
Total Authors: 8
[1] Inst Nacl Canc, Res Ctr, Paediat Haematol Oncol Program, Rio De Janeiro, RJ - Brazil
[2] Inst Nacl Canc, Bone Marrow Transplantat Ctr CEMO, Rio De Janeiro, RJ - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Human Genome Studies Ctr, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Ctr Infantil Boldrini, Mol Biol Lab, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[5] Univ Calif San Francisco, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Lab Mol Epidemiol, San Francisco, CA 94143 - USA
[6] Inst Nacl Canc MS, Paediat Haematol Oncol Program, BR-20231050 Rio De Janeiro, RJ - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: BMC CANCER; v. 12, JAN 6 2012.
Web of Science Citations: 23

Background: Molecular alterations occur frequently in T-ALL and the potential impact of those abnormalities on outcome is still controversial. The current study aimed to test whether NOTCH1 mutations and additional molecular abnormalities would impact T-ALL outcome in a series of 138 T-ALL paediatric cases. Methods: T-ALL subtypes, status of SIL-TAL1 fusion, ectopic expression of TLX3, and mutations in FBXW7, KRAS, PTEN and NOTCH1 were assessed as overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) prognostic factors. OS and EFS were determined using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared using the log-rank test. Results: The frequencies of mutations were 43.5% for NOTCH1, while FBXW7, KRAS and PTEN exhibited frequencies of 19.1%, 9.5% and 9.4%, respectively. In 78.3% of cases, the coexistence of NOTCH1 mutations and other molecular alterations was observed. In multivariate analysis no statistical association was revealed between NOTCH1 mutations and any other variable analyzed. The mean length of the follow-up was 68.4 months and the OS was 50.7%. SIL-TAL1 was identified as an adverse prognostic factor. NOTCH1 mutation status was not associated with outcome, while the presence of NOTCH1 complex mutations (indels) were associated with a longer overall survival (p = 0.031) than point mutations. Conclusion: NOTCH1 mutations alone or in combination with FBXW7 did not impact T-ALL prognosis. Nevertheless, complex NOTCH1 mutations appear to have a positive impact on OS and the SIL-TAL1 fusion was validated as a negative prognostic marker in our series of T-ALL. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/10034-1 - Bone marrow microenvironment and PI3K pathway in resistance to chemotherapy of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia
Grantee:José Andrés Yunes
Support type: Regular Research Grants