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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

The master equation for the reduced open-system dynamics, including a Lindbladian description of finite-duration measurement

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Author(s):
Brasil, C. A. [1] ; Napolitano, R. D. J. [1]
Total Authors: 2
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Fis Sao Carlos, BR-13560970 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL PLUS; v. 126, n. 10 OCT 2011.
Web of Science Citations: 2
Abstract

We consider the problem of the measurement of a system occurring during a finite-time interval, while environmentally induced noise decreases the system-state coherence. We assume a Markovian measuring device and, therefore, use a Lindbladian description for the measurement dynamics. For studying the case of noise produced by a non-Markovian environment, whose definition does not include the measuring apparatus, we use the Redfield approach to the interaction between system and environment. In the present hybrid theory, to trace out the environmental degrees of freedom, we introduce an analytic method based on superoperator algebra and Nakajima-Zwanzig projectors. The resulting master equation, describing the reduced system dynamics, is illustrated in the case of a qubit under phase noise during a finite-time measurement. (AU)