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(Reference retrieved automatically from SciELO through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Hyper abundant mesopredators and bird extinction in an Atlantic forest island

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Author(s):
Mauro Galetti [1] ; Ricardo S. Bovendorp [1] ; Rodrigo F. Fadini [1, 2] ; Carlos O. A. Gussoni [1] ; Marcos Rodrigues [3] ; Ariane D. Alvarez [1] ; Paulo R. Guimarães Jr [7] ; Kaiser Alves [1]
Total Authors: 8
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, Lab Biol Conservacao, Dept Ecol, BR-13506900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Inst Nacl de Pesquisas da Amazonia, BR-69077970 Manaus, Amazonas - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Dept Zool, BR-31270901 Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil
[4] University of California. Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology - Estados Unidos
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: Zoologia; v. 26, n. 2, p. 288-298, 2009-06-00.
Abstract

Islands can serve as model systems for understanding how biological invasions affect native species. Here we examine the negative effects of mesopredator mammals on bird richness at Anchieta Island, an 826 ha offshore island in the coast of Brazil. Anchieta Island has the highest density of mammals of the entire Atlantic forest, especially nest predators such as marmosets and coatis, introduced more than 20 years ago. This indiscriminate introduction of mammals may have affected directly the bird community, nowadays represented by 100 species comprised mainly by water-crossing birds, being 73 forest-dwelling species. A small component of these remnant bird species nests in tree holes and on the forest floor, null model analysis suggest that birds within these two nest types are under-represented on Anchieta Island. All guilds were affected negatively, but "opportunist insectivorous/omnivorous". Experiments using artificial nests showed a predation of 73% of nests on the floor while only 26% on the mainland. Camera traps recorded predation by coatis, agoutis, and opossums. The restoration of the bird community on this island is highly constrained by the high density of hyper abundant nest predators. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 01/14463-5 - Diagnosis of populations of birds and cynegetic mammals in the conservation units of the São Paulo Atlantic Rainforest
Grantee:Mauro Galetti Rodrigues
Support Opportunities: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Regular Research Grants